COURSE SYNOPSIS: B. Eng PROGRAMME

**BUS 101: Introduction to Business 2 credits**

Introduction

Scope of business. Definition of business. External properties of business.

Role of business. Types of economic systems. Why study business?

Forms of Business Ownership: Sole proprietorship. Partnership. The joint stock

company. Statutory corporations/public enterprises.

Cooperative societies: Management and Organization. Nature of management.

Functions of management. Line and staff functions in organizations.

Production and Marketing: Types of production. Production processes. The

marketing concept. Marketing functions.

The finance function: Types of financing short term, medium term, long term

financing. Factors influencing choice of funds. Types of shares.

The Accounting function: Purpose of accounting. Principles of accounting.

Double entry bookkeeping. Day books. Ledger accounts. The trial balance. Profit

and loss account, and the balance sheet.

**FEG 103: CIRCUIT THEORY 2 Credits**

Introductory concepts: electrons and protons, conductors, insulators and semiconductors; units and definition of ampere, volt, resistance, power and energy; MKS units.

Resistive networks: Resistances in series and parallel, current and voltage divisions; open and short circuits; cells; Kirchhoff’s current and voltage law, and their application.

Electrostatics: Electric field of a parallel plate capacitor, multiplate capacitor; capacitors in series and parallel; energy stored in a capacitor.

Electromagnetism: Magnetic filed, permeability and magneto motive force; self and mutual inductances; inductances in series and parallel; Lenz’s laws; energy stored in an inductor.

Network theorems: TheVenin’s and Norton’s theorems; superposition theorem, maximum power transfer theorem; delta-star-delta transformation.

Introduction to AC theory: Waves form generation; angular measure, frequency and period; average and mean square values; phasors and phase angles.

**FEG 101: Engineering Mathematics I 3 Credits**

Trigonometry

Graphs of sin. Trigonometrical identities. Double and half angles. Solution of the expression acos + bsin =x. The factor formulae. Solution of triangles by the sine and cosine formula. The half angle formulae.

Coordinate Geometry: The equation of a straight line. Parallel and perpendicular lines. Suffixes. Angles between two lines. Directed distances. Polar coordinate.

**Relation between polar and Cartesian coordinates**. Parallel equation.

**Differentiation**: Differentiation from first principles. Differentiation of x n , sin x,cos x, e x and log x. Differentiation of logarithmic functions. Successive differentiation. Maxima and minima. Curve sketching.

Series: Sequences, arithmetic and geometric progressions. Summation of series.

Series with rth term in a polynomial. The method of induction. Binomial and logarithmic series limits and convergence.

**Circular Measure:** The equation of circle. Arc length. Area of a sector. Area of a

segment. Small angles. Graphical solution of equations. Tangents to a circle.

Algebra: Surds. Fractional indices. Zero and negative indices. Roots of a quadratic

equation. The remainder theorem. Permutation and combination. Theory of

inequalities.

**FEG 100: A Industrial Visits I**

**FEG 100: B Industrial Visits II**

**FEG 102: Engineering Mathematics II 3 Credits**

Integration

Integration as the inverse of differentiation. The indefinite and definite integral. Integration by substitution. Trigonometrical integral. **Powers of sin x cos x.**

**Expansion in Series**: Power series. Maclaurin’s and Taylor’s series. Series for sinx, cosx and log x (In x). The binomial series. Exponential series.

**Partial Fractions: Denominators with linear factors**. Denominator with quadratic and repeated factors. Improper fractions.

**Three Dimensional Trigonometry:** Angle between a line and a plane. Angle between two planes. Three dimensional geometry. Skew lines, parallel lines and planes. Surface of revolution.

**Probability and Statistics:** Mutually exclusive events. Independent events. The

binomial probability distribution.

**Hyperbolic Functions**: Conic sections. The parabola, ellipse. Parametric

**coordinates of an ellipse**. The rectangular hyperbola. Hyperbolic sine and cosine.

**Osborn’s rule**. Inverse hyperbolic functions.

Mensuration and Moments of Inertia: Right circular cone. Frustum of a right

circular cone. Surface area of sphere. Moments of inertia. Perpendicular axes

theorem. Parallel axis theorem.

**GSS 101: Use Of English I 2 Credits**

Use of English is a course designed to equip participating students with the language skills required for excellent communication in all fields of human endeavour. It contains inter alia the following: oral English, parts of speech, phrases and clauses, sentence construction Direct and indirect speech, passive and active constructions, punctuation and capitalization, listening, speaking and reading skills, pre- writing skills, use of library, skill for examinations.

**GSS 102: Use of English II 2 Credits**

Students are drilled on effective writing among which are the techniques for writing: Outlines, Paragraphs, Essays, Letters, Speeches, Public announcements.

Students’ reports/term paper Minutes, Memoranda, Short stories and Summary.

Students are also helped to master the techniques for effective note taking/note making cum the use of library for research purposes.

**GSS 103: Introduction to Philosophy and Logic 2 credits**

The concept of philosophy. Etymology of philosophy. A brief survey of

the main branches of philosophy. Metaphysics. Epistemology. Axiology and logic. Modes of philosophy. Speculative and analytic modes. Uses of philosophy. Major systems of thought. Idealism. Realism. Pragmatism.

Existentialism and analytic school of thought. The method of deduction using rules of inference and bio-conditions. Symbolic logic: special symbols in symbolic logic, conjunction, negation, affirmation, disjunction, equivalence and conditional statements.

**GSS 105: Humanities 2 Credits**

Appreciation of the cultural content, meaning, variations and dynamics of

organized social life through history, philosophy, arts, interaction and their

influence on human action. Primordial and civic cultural orientations. The meaning

of the life and its changing forms in Nigerian society.

**GSS 107: Nigeria Peoples and Cultures 2 Credits**

Study of Nigerian history and culture in pre-colonial times. Meaning, variations and dynamics of culture. Archaeological heritage of Nigerian State. The history of Nigeria in 19 th and 20 th centuries. Ethnicity, national interest and national integration. Evolution of Nigeria as a political unit. The value question in Nigerian national development. Social justice and political instability. The philosophy of Nigerian state. The military as an instrument of nation building in Nigeria.

Empowering women for national development. Personality. Its concept, structure and development. Crime and juvenile delinquency. Prevention and control of HIV/AIDS and STDs in Nigeria. Music in Nigerian culture. Youths and drug in Nigeria. Culture areas in Nigeria and their characteristics. Concepts of functional education. National economy. Balance of trade. Economic self-reliance. Social

justice. Individual and national development. Moral obligations of citizens.

**ICH 101: Basic Organic Chemistry**

**Introduction**

Brief historical background, bonding in organic compounds, the carbon atom, hybridization (sp 3 , sp 2 , sp). Classification of organic compounds. Isolation and purification of organic compounds. Elemental or qualitative analysis.

Quantitative analysis. Formulae of organic compounds (empirical, molecular and structural). Structural and stereoisomerisms. Functional group and homologous series.

IUPAC Nomenclature: IUPAC nomenclature of the following family of organic compounds: alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, halogenoalkanes amines, alkanoic acid chlorides and acid anhydrides.

Preparation, physical and chemical properties of the families listed above.

**ICH 102: Basic Physical Chemistry 2 Credits**

**The Gas Laws**

Boyle’s law, Charles law, the general gas equation, Gay-Lussac’s law. Gas constant. Dalton’s law of partial pressures. Graham’s law of gaseous diffusion. The kinetic theory of matter. Derivation of the equation. Liquefaction of gasses. The Joule-Thompson effect.

Properties of Dilute Solutions: Definition of the following concentration terms: molarity, molality, mole fraction, vapour pressure and lowering of vapour pressure. Raoult’s law, elevation of boiling point, lowering of freezing point. Osmotic pressure.

Introduction to Thermodynamics: Definition of the following terms: systems, state variables, and equilibrium, isothermal and state changes (PV type).

Thermochemistry: Heat changes. Heats of reaction. Laws of thermochemistry (Lavoisier and Laplace Laws and Hess’ law of constant heat summation).

Applications of the laws in calculations. Bond energy. Chemical equilibrium: Chemical equilibrium and reversible reaction. The law of

mass action. Equilibrium constant. Factors affecting chemical equilibrium. Equilibrium between ions in the solid and liquid phases. Solubility and solubility product. Effect of a common ion on solubility product.

Chemical Kinetics: Rate of a chemical reaction. Factors affecting the rate of a chemical reaction. Activation energy.

Ionic Equilibrium: Electrolytes. Acids and bases. Bronsted-Lowry, Lewis and Arrhenius theories of acids and bases. pH and dissociation constant. Ionization of water. Hydrolysis. Buffer solution and buffer capacity.

**ICH 111: General Basic Inorganic Chemistry 2 Credits**

Matter: Laws of chemical combination. Stoichiometry of chemical kinetics. Atomic structure and electronic configuration of elements. Electronic theory of valences. Bonding: Ionic, covalent, co-ordinate, metallic, hydrogen bounding and Van derwaals forces. Fundamental components of atoms. Stable and unstable particles.

Period classification of elements. Blocks, rows and groups. General feature of chemistry of s-,p-,d,- and f- blocks. Isotopes: Detection, concentration and separation of isotopes.

Natural and artificial radioactivity: Stability of nucleus. Fission and fusion.

Differences between radioactivity and ordinary chemical reactions. Measurements

of radioactivity, decay constant and calculation involving radioactivity.

**ICH 112: Basic Practical Chemistry 2 Credits**

Theory and practice of volumetric and qualitative inorganic analysis.

Preparation of standard solutions. Calculation of molarity and concentrations.

Method of dilution of solution and calculation. Redox titration and calculations

involved. Test for common anions and identification of SO 4 2 ,SO 3 2 , NO 3 , CO 3 2 , CI,

Br, I NO 2 . Test for common cations Fe 2+ , Fe 3+ , NH 4 + , Zn 2+ , Pb 2+ , Al 3+ , alkali and

alkaline earth metals. Test for common ions in the first transition series e.g. Mn,

Cr, Ni, Cu, etc. Group separation of cations.

MAT 101: Elementary Mathematics I 3 Credits

Number systems natural, integer, rational, irrational, real and complex

numbers. Elementary set theory. Indices, surds and logarithms. Quadratic

equations. Polynomials and their factorization. The remainder and factor theorems.

Rational functions and partial fractions. The principle of mathematical induction

(PMI). Permutations and combinations. The binomial theorem for rational index.

Progressions arithmetic, geometric, harmonic, arithmetico-geometric. Solution of

inequalities. The algebra of complex numbers addition, subtraction, multiplication

and division. Argand diagrams and the geometry of complex number. Modulus.

Arguments and polar coordinates. The de Moivre’s theorem. Complex nth roots of

unity and complex solution to Z n = a.

Trigonometry circular measure, elementary properties of trigonometric

functions, radian measure, addition formulae and other trigonometric identities.

Sine and cosine laws. Solution of triangles, heights and distances.

**MAT 102: Elementary Mathematics II 3 Credits**

Functions: concept and definition; examples polynomial, exponential,

logarithmic and trigonometric functions. Graphs and their properties.

Plane analytic geometry: Equations of a straight line, circle parabola, ellipse

and hyperbola. Tangents and normals.

Differentiation from first principles of some polynomial and trigonometric

functions. Techniques of differentiation, sum, product, quotients and chain rules

including implicit differentiations. Differentiation of simple algebraic,

trigonometric, exponential, logarithmic and composite functions. Higher order

derivatives. Applications to extremum and simple rate problems. L’ Hospital’s

rule, simple Taylor/Maclaurin expansion. Curve sketching. Integration as anti-

differentiation. The fundamental theorem of integral calculus. Application to areas

and volumes.

**PHY 101 General Physics I 3 Credits**

Space and time frames of reference. Units and dimensions. Kinematics

vectors, scalars, speed/velocity, acceleration, circular motion and application.

Fundamental laws of mechanics.

Statics: Equilibrium. Centre of mass

Dynamics: Newton’s law of motion. Force, inertia, mass and weight. Contact

forces. Atwood machine. Pulleys. Projectile motion.

Linear momentum. Galilean invariance. Universal gravitation. Newton’s

gravitation law. Kepler’s laws. Gravitational potential. Earth’s satellite. Velocity of

escape and weightlessness. Work and energy. Rotational dynamics and angular

momentum. Moment of inertia. Kinetic energy of ration. Conservation laws.

Oscillatory motion, simple harmonic motion, damped and forced oscillation.

**PHY 102: General Physics II 3 Credits**

Electricity and Magnetism, Optics: Electrostatics: Coulomb’s, Gauss’s law.

Capacitors. Electric fields and potentials. Energy in electric field.

Conductors and currents: Ohm’s law. Temperature dependence of resistance.

Combination of resistances. Measurement of resistances. e.m.f. Dielectrics

(qualitative treatment only).

Magnetic fields and induction. Faraday’s and Lenz’s laws. Earth’s field.

Ampere’s law. Maxwell’s equations (qualitative treatment only).

Electromagnetic oscillations and waves; types, properties. Mirrors and

lenses. Reflection, refraction, applications. Optical instruments.

**PHY 107: General Physics Laboratory I 1 Credit**

This introductory course emphasizes quantitative measurements, the

treatment of measurement, errors and graphical analysis. A variety of experimental

techniques will be employed. The experiments include studies of mechanical

systems and employed. The experiments include studies of mechanical systems

and mechanical resonant systems, light, heat, viscosity, etc. covered in physics

101.

**PHY 108: General Physics Laboratory II 1 Credit**

Basic experiments on electricity and magnetism covered in PHY 102.

Experiments include studies of meters, the oscilloscope, and electrical resonant

system.

**BUS 204: Principles of Management 2 Credits**

Basic Concepts in Management: What is management? Definitions of

management. The three dimensions of management. Management as a process;

management as an organizational position; management as a profession.

Management as a science or art or both? Universality of management. Functions of

the manager planning, universality of management. Functions of the manager

planning, organizing, motivating, communicating, controlling, controlling,

decision making.

Staffing and Directing: Nature of staffing. The staffing process. Human resources

planning selection, interview, recruitment, induction and orientation, training and

development, performance appraisal, promotion and demotion, transfers and

disengagements. Leadership styles. Motivation. Communication process, channels,

networks, problems and grapevine.

Controlling: The concept of control. The control process. Types of control.

Control systems. Characteristics of effective control systems. Control techniques,

financial, operational and technical controls. Mathematical/statistical control

systems PERT, CPM. The Nigerian Environment.

Characteristics of the Nigerian business environment managerial, financial,

infrastructural, political, government intervention. Management problems in

Nigeria educational, training and development, accountability, succession,

deployment, organizational. Challenges of current economic reforms in Nigeria.

Transferability of management systems. Management by Objectives (MBO).

FEG 221: Fluid Mechanics I 2 Credits

Fundamental elements of fluid statics, density, pressure surface tension,

viscosity, compressibility. Hydrostatic equation and its integration for

incompressible fluids. Pressure distributions over plane and curved surfaces.

Resultant force; line of action; centre of pressure. Measurement of pressure.

Dynamics: Steady and unsteady flows, uniform and non-uniform flows. Laminar

and turbulent flows. Nature of motion around blunt and streamlined bodies;

establishment of velocity profiles, boundary layer separation; formation of wakes.

Use of control volume for steady flow mass balance momentum balance and

energy balance pressure and velocity in ideal fluids and shear flow situation.

Dimensional Analysis: Buckingham’s pi-theorem, Dimensionless groups.

Dynamical similarity. Flow modeling. Nature of effects of fluid friction in pipes

and channels, relationship between friction factor and Reynolds’s number. Flow

characteristics of pumps and turbines.

**FEG 242: Thermodynamics 2 Credits**

Basic concepts. What is thermodynamics? Basic definitions. Historical background of thermodynamics. Dimensions. Units. Macroscopic and microscopic domain. Thermodynamic systems, boundaries, control volume. Properties and states, processes, heat and work, pressure, temperature and Zeroth law. Intensive and extensive properties. Measurement of temperature, volumes and pressures.

The first law of thermodynamics. Application to open and closed systems. Internal energy, work and heat transfer. Storing work as non PV work. Sign convention in heat and transfer. Steady state flow equation (Bernoulli equation).

Conservation of energy, flow processes and enthalpy. Flow and non-work.

Thermodynamic properties of pure substances, working fluids liquids, vapours and gases. Liquid-vapour phase equilibrium diagram. Saturated and superheated states in water and in working fluids of refrigerators. P-V-T relations

and diagrams. The ideal gas. Steam quality measurements. Barrel calorimeters, separation, throttling and combined calorimeters, use of property tables. Processes in the vapour phase at constant volume, constant pressure. Isothermal, hyperbolic and polytropic processes. The perfect gas, the ideal gas and P-V-T relation.

Specific heats, the gas constant, universal gas constant. The mole processes with the ideal gas. Isothermal, isochoric, adiabatic, and polytrophic processes.

The second law of thermodynamics and its corollaries. Reversibility and irreversibility. Efficiency and temperature scale Carnot cycle in idealized heat engines and refrigerators. Heat pumps, absolute temperature scale.

Entropy: Clausius inequality; T-S diagram for various processes. Maximum available energy. Entropy change in isolated systems. Consequences of the second law.

**CSE 201: Computer programming I 2 Credit**

Introduction, types of computers and components, their uses industrial and scientific. Computer logic software and hardware. Introduction to computer languages FORTRAN, BASIC, COBOL, etc.

**CSC 202: Computer Programming II 2 Credits**

Application of FORTRAN AND BASIC to simple problems, flow Charts, Date structures. Analysis of commercial and professional software: database, spreadsheet, and word-processing, CAD, CAL, CAM etc. Operating systems IBM OS/2, Microsoft’s DOS and WINDOWS, UNIX etc. practical exercises with commercial and professional software.

**FEG 211: Applied Mechanics I (Statics) 2 Credits**

Fundamental principles and permissible operations with forces acting on a rigid body. Elements of vectors. Moment of a force about a point and about an axis. Varignon’s theorem. Reduction of two and three dimensional force systems.

Equilibrium in two and three dimensions and its application in the determination of reactions at the constraints of determinate structures (beams, frames and arches).

Graphical statics and its application in solving problems involving coplanar forces. Methods of joint, section, Maxwell-Cremona and Culma in solving plane trusses.Centre of gravity; graphical and analytical solutions. Friction and related static problems.

**FEG 212: Applied Mechanics II (Dynamics) 2 Credits**

Coordinate systems and position vectors. Kinematics of a particle in plane motion in different coordinates. Displacement, velocity, acceleration of a particle.

Kinetics of a particle in motion. Newton’s law. Types of forces. Systems of particle. Centre of mass. Simple harmonic motion.

Kinematics of a rigid body in plane motion. Relative motion between two points on a rigid body. Velocity diagrams. Instantaneous centre of rotation.

Kinetics of a rigid body in plane motion. Work and energy for a system of particles. Kinetic energy of a rigid body. Potential energy. General energy principle. Virtual work. DAlambert’s principle. Mechanical distinctions between solids and fluids. Compressibility, density, viscosity, kinematics viscosity and the dependence of these properties on pressure and temperature, ideal solids and fluids particles and rigid bodies, mass, force, velocity and acceleration.

**FEG 215: Strength of Materials 2 credits**

Subject matter of strength of materials. Fundamental hypothesis in strength of material. External and internal forces, stresses, displacement and deformation.

Hooke’s law and the principles of superposition. General principle of structural analysis. Tension and compression. Internal forces and stresses on the cross- section of a rod in tension and compression. Elongations of bar and Hooke’s law, potential energy of strain, statically determinate and statically indeterminate systems. States of stress and strain in tension and compression.

Torsion: Pure shear and its characteristics. Torsion of a rod of circular cross- section. Torsion of a rod of non-circular cross-section. Geometrical characteristics of cross-section of a rod. Static moments of a section. Moments of inertia of a section and principal axes and principal moment inertia.

Bending: Internal force acting on cross-section of a rod in bending. Stresses in rod under pure bending. Stresses in transverse bending, oblique bending, eccentric tension and compression and stability of columns.

**FEG 201: Applied Electricity I 3 Credits**

Revision on networks theorems

Analysis of AC circuits: series and parallel RL and RC circuits. Series and parallel RLC circuits. Resonance series and parallel. Impedance diagrams. Quality factor.

Mesh and Node Analysis: Choice of mesh currents. Mesh equations by inspection. Node analysis. Matrix method.

Coupled Circuits: Analysis of coupled circuits, coupling coefficient. Dot notation. Circuit Transients: DC transients. RC and RL transient. AC transients.RLC transients.

Introduction to Electronic: Semiconductor properties. Electrons and holes. Intrinsic and extrinsic conduction. Donor and acceptor atoms. PN junction. Introduction to thermionic devices. Junction diode characteristics. Other diodes Zener,photodiodes, tunnel and LED. Diode circuits. Bipolar transistor. Simple treatment of transistor operations.

**FEG 202: Applied Electricity II 3 Credits**

Poly-phase System: Two phase and three phase systems. Star and delta connected loads. Power in three phase systems. Two wattmeter method applied to balance loads.

Power Factor Correction: Power in sinusoidal steady state. Average and apparent power. Active and reactive power. Power factor correction.

Measurement and Instrumentation: Circuit symbols. Component identification. Reasons for measurement. Error analysis. Equipment reliability.

Use of Meters: AVO, CRO, signal generators. Transistors: The transistor as an amplifier, common base, common emitter and common collector configurations. Transistor biasing and stabilization.

Field Effect Transistors: JFET and MOSFET, biasing the FET. Treatment of analogue and digital electronic instruments.

**ICH 221: General Physical Chemistry 2credits**

Kinetic Theory: Behavior of gases and kinetic theory. Ideal and non-ideal behavior of gases. Derivation of the kinetic theory equation for the pressure of ideal gas and deductions there from. Molecular and collision diameter and number.

Mean free path. Collision number. Viscosity of a gas. Boltzmann distribution law. Types of average speed. Mean velocity, root-mean-square velocity and most probable velocity. Equipartition of energy. Brownian motion. Chemical Thermodynamics: Nature and scope of thermodynamics. Important definitions. The first law of thermodynamics. Calorimetry. Standard molar enthalpies of formation and the determination of standard molar enthalpies for chemical reactions from tables of these. Heat capacities. The Carnot cycle.

**MAT 201: Linear Algebra I 3 Credits**

Vectors and vector algebra. Vector space over the real field. Linear dependence and independence. Basis and dimensions. The dot and cross products in three-dimensions. Equations of lines and planes in free space. Linear transformation and their representation by matrices. Matrix algebra. Operations on matrices rank, range, null space, nullity. Determinants and inverses of matrices.

Singular and non-singular transformations.

**MAT 202: Elementary Differential Equations 3 Credits**

Methods of integration. Introduction to differential equations of the first order. Examples to illustrate the sources of differential equations from the physical and biological sciences. Growth, decay, cooling problems and the law of mass action. Linear differential equations of second order. Application of the first and second order linear differential equations to falling problems and simple circuits.

Laplace transformation.

**FEG 213: Engineering Drawing 1 2 Credits**

Use of engineering drawing tools/equipment. Lettering, construction of title blocks, freehand sketching. Pictorial views. Introduction to orthographic projection. 1 st and 3 rd angle projection. Projection of prints, lines and planes. Supplementary views visibility. True length of lines, grade and bearing of a line.

Intersecting lines, skew lines, parallel lines, perpendicular lines, point view of a line. Edge view of a plane surface. Shortest distance between two skew lines (including shortest perpendicular or horizontal at a given grade). True shape of a plane surface. Line conventions. Geometric constructions. Dimensioning practices.

**FEG 214: Engineering Drawing 11 2 Credits**

Angle between plane surfaces. Strike line and dip angle of plane surface.

Angle between two intersecting lines. Angle between two non-intersecting (skew)

lines. Angle between a line and a plane.

Development of prism, cylinders, pyramids, cones, transition pieces, spherical surface.

Intersections of lines and a plane surface, a line and a cone, a line and a cylinder, a line and a sphere of plane surface, solids bounded by plane surfaces, a cone and a cylinder, two cones, any two solids, a plane with topographic surface.

Vector quantities. Graphical statistics. Graphical presentation of data. Graphical mathematics. Graphical calculus. Empirical equations. Functional scales. Nomography. Isometric and oblique perspective views. Introductory building drawing. Common sizes of brick and cement blocks. Brick/block bounds. Representation of doors and windows in plan, wall plasters, rafters, etc. electrical circuit diagrams. Practice with CAD software and drafting tables.

**FEG 280: Engineer in Society 2 Credit**

Philosophy of Science and Technology: Concept of science and technology. The impact of technological development on the society materially, socially and culturally. History of Engineering and Technology: Major technological developments in human history to the present day. Industrialization and Social Change: A sociological examination of industrialization. Problems of urbanization and the role of technology in influencing behavior. Safety in Engineering and Introduction to Risk Analysis: Safety criteria. Physical causes. Human attitude. Safety assessment techniques including risk assessment and risk analysis. Role of Engineers in Nation Building: Qualifications of engineers. Engineering profession. Who are engineers? Possible careers. COREN registration of engineers. Internship for engineers. Role of engineers in government and nation building.

**FEG 281: Workshop Practice 1 2 Credits**

Elementary introduction to types and organization of engineering workshop, covering, jobbing, batch, mass production. Safety measures in the workshop in mechanical, electrical and civil engineering workshops. Principles of working. Bench work and fitting. Introduction to workshop hand and powered tools, with emphasis on safety measures during operation. Workshop materials, their properties and use. Various gauges, micrometer and other measuring devices. Measurement and marking for uniformity, etc. General principles of working of standard metal cutting machine tools. Drilling machine and drilling processes. Screw threads and thread cutting using stock and dies. Marking off on face plate. Functions and capabilities of grinding machines, drilling machines, lathe machine, grinding machines and sharpening machines. General machine operation practice. Mass production and modern machine tools, turret lathes, automatic and

semiautomatic lathes, etc.

**FEG 282: Workshop Practice II 2 Credits**

Standard measuring tools used in workshops: Welding, brazing, soldering, etc. blacksmith hand tools and working principles. Introduction to welding and brazing. AC and DC electric arc welding. Fitting and assembling. Basic electrical skills. Testing of electrical installation and circuits including earthing. Tools and machines for woodwork: hand tools, materials, classification and uses of timber. Various joints. Types used in capentery and joinery. Processing, preparation and preservation of wood. Basic skills in brickwork and masonry. Setting out equipment using working drawings. Bonding, plumbing, leveling, ganging and erection of corners in brick/block work. FEG 250: Principles of Material Science 3 Credits Atomic structure. Electrons and bonding theory. Influence on materials structure and behavior. Crystalline structures. Concept of grains and grain boundaries. Long range and short range order. Amorphous solids. Packing arrangements of crystals. Coordination numbers. Unit cell concept. Packing factors. Crystal defects and imperfections. Polycrystalline solids. Ductile and brittle behavior. Stress-strain curves. Plastic deformation. Alloying concept. Solid solutions. Precipitation from saturated solid solutions. Equilibrium phase diagrams.

Ageing phenomena. Hardening processes. The structure and properties of ceramics, glasses, cement and concrete, organic polymers, wood and various composite materials. Elements of conduction, semi-conduction and insulation theory.

YEAR 3/5 AND 2/4

FIRST SEMESTER

**FEG 303: Engineering Mathematics III 3 Credits**

Linear Algebra. Elements of Matrices. Determinants, inverse of a matrix.Theory of Linear Equations. Eigen values and Eigen vectors. Analytic geometry co-ordinate transformation. Solid geometry, polar, cylindrical and spherical co- ordinates. Elements of functions of several variables. Change of variable. Taylor series, applications, Runge Kutta processes. Simple finite difference techniques for initial value and boundary value problems in ordinary and partial differential equations and systems. Phase plane and iso-clinical curves. Explicat and implicit procedures, simple ideas on errors and stability. Introduction to the method of characteristics.

**CHE 321: Transport Phenomena 1 3 Credits**

Inviscid Flow: Conservation equations: continuity, Euler and Bernoulli equations. Kinematics of fluid motion: velocity, acceleration, stream lines, stream tubes, particle paths, streak lines, definition of irrotational and rotational flow, circulation, vorticity. Dynamics: constancy of total pressures or head in irrotational flow in a free vortex variation in a forced vortex. Stream function and velocity potential function for flow in a uniform stream and due to source, sink, doublet and point vortex and for simple combinations of these. Flow around a circular cylinder, with circular, including pressure distribution and life force. Descriptive knowledge of flow around isolated serofoils and vanes in cascade, including effects of circulation.

Compressible Flows: Speed of a weak plane pressure wave: stagnation pressure, temperature and density. Pitot tube in subsonic flow. The adiabatic steady flow ellipse. Pressure, temperature and sonic speed at critical conditions. Analogies with open channel flows of water. Thermodynamic aspects; isentropic flow of a perfect gas through ducts of varying cross-section. Mass flow in terms of stagnation

condition, local areas and Mach numbers, choking in isentropic flow. Normal plane shock waves. Pressure ratio, temperature ratio, and

downstream Mach numbers in terms of upstream Mach number for a perfect gas. Shock waves in converging/diverging nozzles, the effect of varying overall pressure ratio. Turbo-machinery: One dimensional theory of turbines, pumps and fans. Axial flow and centrifugal machines. Application of dynamical similarity to turbo- machines, characteristic curves; specific speed.

**CHE 331: Separation Processes 1 2 Credits**

Gas Absorption: Ideal and non-ideal gas-liquid equilibrium data. Fundamentals of

continuous separation processes: operating and equilibrium lines, multistage and

differential contact separation concepts of theoretical stage, stage efficiency and

transfer unit. Transfer unit and theoretical plate methods of evaluating the mass

transfer requirements of absorption and stripping columns. Rate data: correlation

and prediction of the efficiency of plate and packed columns. Wetted wall, disc and

sphere columns. Fluid mechanics and design of tray and packed columns. Methods

of economic optimization of design.

**CHE 341: Chemical Kinetics 2 Credits**

Simple homogenous rate equations. Overall rates. Temperature dependence.

Arrhenius equations and activated complex. Equilibrium constants, rate constants,

free energies if reaction and activation. Heat of activation. Collision theory and

frequency factors.

Interpretation of experimental results, determination of order, calculation of

heat of activation. Parallel and consecutive reactions. Rate limiting steps, effect of

temperature on relative rates of competing processes (eg. Reaction and diffusion).

Chain reactions. Course of isothermal and adiabatic reactions. Free radical.

Heterogeneous Catalysed reactions: Adsorption, physical and chemisorptions.

Heat of adsorption, activated adsorption, dependence on coverage, temperature and

pressure. Surface areas by B.E.T.: Isotherm, Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin

Isotherms. Adsorption coefficients. Rate equations of simple reactions; first and

second order, adsorption controlled and surface reaction controlled. Significance of

the specific rate constants in such reactions. Theories of chemisorptions. Falling

heats rising activation energies. Active centres, polarization, mutual repulsion

theories. Valence theory. Adsorption mechanism on metals and oxides.

**CHE 343: Electrochemisty 2 Credits**

Conductance and Ionic Reactions: Faraday’s laws and Electrochemical

equivalents, Conductivity Measurements, Equivalent conductivity, Ionization

theories. Transport Numbers, ionic mobilities. Ionic strength. Activity coefficients,

Debye Huckel theory and limiting law. Poisson-Boltzman equation. Theory of

conductivity, Acids and Bases. Dissociation constants. Ionic Equilibria.

Mechanisms and kinetics of ionic reactions. Acid Base catalysis.

Electrochemical Cells: EMF of cell and cell Reaction. Reversible cells. Free

Energy and reversible EMF. Half cell classification of cells. Standard EMF of

cells. Standard electrode potentials. Solubility products. Standard free energy and

entropy of aqueous ions.

Electrode and Electrolyte concentration cells. Liquid Junctions. Oxidation

Reduction reactions. Ph Electrolysis. Decomposition voltage, concentration

polarization. Over voltage.

CHE 345: Fuel and Energy 2 Credits

Conventional Fuels: Origin, composition and distribution of natural gas, crude oil,

shale and coals. Properties of commercial fuels. Stoichiometry of combustion of

Coals, petroleum and natural gas. Equilibrium composition of combustion

products, calculation of flame temperature (including effects of dissociation).

Flame: premixed flames, flammability limits, burning velocity, quenching, stability

of s burner port, diffusion flames. Thermal and branching theories of non-luminous

flames. Ionization in flames. Combustion of sprays and suspensions of solid

particles.

Types of burners, furnaces and boilers. Mass and energy balances of

furnaces and boilers. Relative efficiencies and costs of installations using different

fuels. Combined heat and power installations.

Environmental effects of winning, transport and combustion of conventional

fuels: fires, explosion, health hazards, corrosion and pollution.

Nuclear Energy: Nuclear fission by fast and thermal neutrons, practical fissile

materials, energy release on fission, products of fission. Moderation of neutrons,

comparison of moderators, calculation of neutron capture by a moderator. Types of

reactor for power production. Magnox, PWR, BWR, CAMDU, AGR. Description

of cycle, typical operating conditions for reactor and steam cycle.

Alternative Energy Sources: Solar, biomass, wind, wave, tidal, geothermal

sources and ocean thermal energy. Heat pumps. Energy storage.

CHE 361: Chemical Process Calculations II 2 Credits

Energy balances with chemical reaction. Heats of solution and mixing. The

use of various forms of thermo chemical kinetic, and physical data. Use of various

forms of plotting data ternary diagrams, log-log, semi-log, etc. enthalpy

concentration charts and humidity charts and their uses. Simultaneous material and

energy balances.

CHE 371: Chemical Engineering Lab 3 Credits

Laboratory experiments in transport phenomena, kinetics and separation processes.

CHE 381: Technical Writing and Communication 1Credit

Principles of communication. Preparation and writing of technical reports.

Oral presentation. Use of visual aids and other communication equipment in

technical and research presentations.

FEG 300: Industrial Training II Pass/Fail

Industrial attachment for a three-month period.

Second Semester

**CHE 324: Transport Phenomena II 2 Credits**

Heat Transfer: Heat transfer by conduction. Steady state conduction through

slabs, compound walls, cylinders and other shapes. Unsteady state conduction in

homogeneous solids.

Heat transfer by convection. Heat transfer in fluids. Film and overall heat

transfer coefficients. Natural convection, forced convection inside and outside

pipes, around tube bundles, fins and other shapes. Heat transfer by radiation. Laws

of radiant heat transfer with change of phase. Condensation on vertical and

horizontal surface, film wise and drop wise. Nucleate and film boiling, critical heat

flux. Heat exchangers; types of construction mean temperature difference,

effectiveness and number of transfer units. Economic optimum design of main

types of heat transfer equipment.

CHE 332: Separation Processes II 2 Credits

Distillation: Vapour liquid equilibria, equilibrium stills. Prediction and correlation

of binary, ternary and multi-component vapour liquid and differential continuous

distillation: fundamentals of stage wise multi-component mixtures. Problems

involving varying molal overflow. Flash distillation. Fractionation of mixtures

where the composition is unknown. Vacuum distillation. Steam distillation.

Fractionation with simultaneous chemical reaction. Methods of economic

optimization of design. Batch distillation, with and without hold up. Time to reach

equilibrium. Rate data: correction and prediction of the efficiency of plate and

packed columns. Fluid mechanics and design of distillation equipment.

CHE 344: Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics I 3 Credits

Second Law of Thermodynamics: Alternative statements of the law and their

interdependence. Reversible and irreversible processes. Internal and external

reversibility. Direct and reversed heat engines operating between a single energy

source and sink. The efficiency of reversible heat engines; thermodynamic

temperature; absolute zero on the Kelvin scale. Efficiency of reversible heat

engines in terms of the absolute temperature of source and sink. Entropy as a

property and its relationship to the heat transfer in a reversible process and the

absolute temperature of source and sink. Entropy as a property and its relationship

to the heat transfer in a reversible process and the absolute temperature. Relations

between entropy and other properties. The Claudius inequality. Isentropic

processes, isentropic efficiency.

Properties of Pure Substances: Pure substances; tow property rule. The principal

heat capacities (or specific heats), Cp and Cv. Solid, liquid and vapour phases.

Equilibria between phases. Phase changes; triple and critical points. The Clausius-

Clayperon Equation. Superheating and dryness. Tabular and graphical

representation of properties of a pure substance. (Students will be expected to

understand the general form of property diagrams in common use e.g. p-v, T-s, h-s,

p-h).

Vapour and Gas Cycles: The Carnot cycles from steam. The Rankie cycle with

and without superheat. The representation of these cycles on p-V, T-s and h-s

diagrams. Their efficiencies and power outputs. The Carnot cycle with a perfect

gas cycles. Mean effective pressure.

CHE 382: Chemical Technology 2 Credits

The Nitrogen Chemical Industry, Utilization of raw materials: coal,

petroleum, natural gas, air, water, agricultural products, wastes, manufacture of

hydrogen and synthesis gas, catalytic reforming of hydrocarbons with steam,

ammonia synthesis, nitrogenous fertilizer, ceramics, salts, sodium hydroxide,

Solvay process, chlorine, hydrochloric acid, suphuric acid. Nitric acid, phosphoric

acid, methanol synthesis, phenol synthesis, soaps and detergents, etc.

CHE 352: Process Dynamics and Industrialization: 2 Credits

Linear Control Systems

Introduction

Simple properties of open and closed loop systems. Terminology.

Qualitative description of simple control systems. Concepts of accuracy, stability

and sensitivity.

Transient Analysis: Dynamics of simple linear devices and systems. Transfer

functions. Block diagrams. Transient response of first and second order linear

control systems subjected to step and ramp input functions. Non-dimensional

system equations. System order and steady state errors. Characteristic equation

pole zero representation. Closed loop time domain specifications. Routh Hurwitz

stability criterion.

Process Measurement

Instrumentation: Transducer performance specification. Transducers for the

measurement of common controlled variables, linear and angular difference, flow

rate density and temperature. Potentiometer, inductive, capacitive, and

electromagnetic methods of measurement.

Signal Conditioning: Characteristics and applications of operational amplifiers,

offset currents and voltages, input and output impedance with feedback,

bandwidth, common mode input range. Common mode rejection ratio, single

ended and differential inputs; summation, integration and differential of signals.

Instrumentation amplifiers. Transducer bridges.

CHE 372: Chemical Engineering Lab II 2 Credits

Further laboratory experiments in transport phenomena, kinetics and

separation processes.

**CHE 383: Biochemical Engineering 3 Credits**

Aspects of microbiology and biochemistry of interest to fermentation and

food industries. Classification and growth characteristics of micro-organisms.

Physico-kinetics, chemical properties of biological compounds. Metabolism

and biochemical methods of solving processing problems imposed by both

physical and biological factors in food industries.

Enzyme structure, co-enzymes and activators. Elementary enzyme reaction

mechanism single soluble substrate/single enzyme. Hinchelwood Michaelis

Menton Kinetics.

Lineweaver Buke plots etc to determine kinetics parameters. Effect of

temperature and pH on Kinetic parameters. Substrate and product inhibition

kinetics. Application of simple enzyme kinetics to microbial cell growth

(unstructured model), Mond’s equation, specific and maximum growth rates , yield

coefficient, saturation coefficient, endogenous metabolism/maintenance, energy,

viability.

Effect of temperature and pH on growth model parameters. Production

formation mechanisms and kinetic models.

CHE 384: Engineering Materials 2 Credits

Introduction: Bonding in metals, polymers and ceramics and its relation to

properties. General treatment of deformation behavior and mechanical

characteristics of metals, polymers and ceramics.

Structural Steels: Carbon steels annealed structures. Principles of hardening and

tempering; effect on mechanical properties. Effect of alloying on properties and

response to heat treatment. The effect of thermal cycles during welding. Industrial

classification/grades.

Cast Iron: Basic concepts of structure: graphite morphology. Commercial grades.

Aluminum Alloys: Cast alloys and wrought alloys. Principles of heat treatment to

increase strength. Use in chemical plants and in structure.

Stainless Steels: Effect of alloying on structure and corrosion resistance, including

the influence of carbides, stabilization and the consequences of the welding

thermal cycle. Industrial grades and classifications.

Copper Alloys: Alloys used for cast products and their applications. Wrought

alloys and their application.

Castings: Methods of casting. Structure of castings and influence of casting

conditions. Mould design, porosity and soundness.

Ceramics: General methods of presentation of bulk materials. Typical ceramics

used in structural, insulation and corrosion resistant application.

Polymeric materials: Introduction to polymerization, formation of polymer

molecules by addition and condensation reactions, molecular weight distribution,

network structures, thermoplastics, thermosetting resins, elastomers. Compounding

of plastics, antioxidants, stabilizers, plasticisers, fillers, lubricants, pigments,

principles of fibre reinforced plastics, types of reinforcing, fabricating techniques,

fibre-matrix interaction, effects of aspect ratio and fibre content, rule of mixtures,

Reuse model. Degradation of polymeric materials in processing and service.

Effects of degradation on performance.

YEAR 4/5 AND YEAR 3/5

First Semester

**FEG 404: Engineering Mathematics IV 3 Credits**

Brief treatment of improper integrals, differentiation of integrals. Vector

calculus, including theorems of Green, Stokes and Gauss and use of multiple

integrals; simple applications from field theory. General understanding of methods

of solving ordinary differential equations with variable coefficients, particular

solution in series method. Classification of second order partial differential

equations. Solution by separation of variables. Fourier series, with application to

boundary value problems.

CHE 402: Chemical Engineering Analysis 3 Credits

Applied ordinary and partial differential equations; chemical engineering

operations and their numerical solutions; statistical, regression analysis, elementary

probability, distribution; Laplace and Fourier transform.

CHE 424: Transport Phenomena II 3 Credits

Mass Transfer: Mass transfer as a transport process. Fick’s law. Molecular

diffusivity. Steady state molecular diffusion. Film and penetration theory of mass

transfer. Diffusion, eddy diffusivity and diffusivity in boundary layer.

Mass transfer in two-phase fluid system in countercurrent and co-current

flow. Film and overall coefficients of mass transfer.

Mass transfer between fluids and solids. Simultaneous heat and mass

transfer; relationship between heat, mass and momentum transfer, jh and jb factors.

Psychometric. Humidification and dehumification, Direct contact water and gas

cooling. Air conditioning. Drying.

CHE 432: Separation Processes III 3 Credits

Fluid Solid Processing: Leaching, equilibrium data, equilibrium stage calculations

in co-current counter current leaching, rate of leaching, leaching equipment design.

Solids separation processes, sedimentation and thickening. Filtration. The

general filtration equation and its application in long and short cycle filters.

Centrifugation.

Evaporation: Vapourization, natural and forced circulation. Surface effects.

Evaporators, single and multiple effects.

CHE 446: Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics II 2 Credits

Reversible work and free energy. Temperature and pressure dependence of

free energies. Free energy functions. Fugacity and activity. Standard state concept.

Free energy and equilibrium. Phases equilibria. T and P dependence; Gibbs Helm

Holtz equation. Solubilities of solids, liquids and gases. Raoult’s and Henry’s laws.

Activity coefficients. Vapour liquid equilibrium in binary systems. The Gibbs

Durham equation and thermodynamic consistency tests. Chemical equilibrium, T

and P dependence. Standard free energies, enthalpies and entropies. Equilibrium

constants. Gas and liquid phase reactions, T and P dependence. Group

contributions to G, H and S. reversible cells, standard electrode potentials.

Concentration cells. Experimental determination of thermodynamic data.

CHE 462: Equilibrium Selection and Design 3 Credits

Selection versus Design of equipment.

Criteria for selection or design. Sources of data. Classification of equipment.

Operating conditions. Size or capacity. Specifications, costs. Mechanical design of

process vessels and piping. Environmental considerations. Process services.

Economics for Engineers: Introduction to Micro, Macro and welfare economics.

Economic theories. Theory of firm. Economic analysis. Capital cost and

manufacturing cost estimation. Financial analysis. Discounted cash flow analysis.

Accounting and depreciation. Break even analysis. Sensitivity analysis.

**CHE 484: Corrosion 1 Credi**t

Thermodynamic and kinetic considerations of metallic oxidation including

Ellingham diagrams. Structure and properties of oxides. Rate laws and

mechanisms of parabolic and logarithmic growth. Nature of oxide scales. Oxide

formation on alloy surfaces. Appreciation of the theoretical principles of predicting

the effect of alloy constituents on oxidation.

Theoretical considerations of electrochemical corrosion cells including

differential aeration and differential temperature cells. Thermodynamics and

kinetics of electrode and corrosion reactions characteristics and mechanics of the

various forms of corrosion uniform and pitting, parting and dezincification,

intergranular attack, hydrogen attack, erosion corrosion, stress corrosion, corroding

fatigue, fretting. Effects of corrosion environment on aqueous corrosion

atmosphere, natural water, water-line and crevice effects, soil and bacterial attack.

Calculation and experimental determination of corrosion parameters. Comparison

of methods of corrosion prevention or limitation: chemical passivation and

inhibition (aqueous and vapour); alloying; anodic and cathodic protection,

insulation, metallic and non-metallic protective coatings. Comparative assessment

of corrosion resistance tests.

Electives

**CHE 490: Particle Technology 2 Credits**

Properties of particles. Behaviours of single particles in fluids. Statement of

Stokes Law for spherical particles. The drag coefficient. Dependence of the drag

coefficient upon Reynold’s number definition of particle size and shape and drag

coefficient for non-spherical particles. Terminal velocity.

Particle systems in fluids. Flow of fluids through a bed of solids. Darcy’s

law. The Carman Kozony equation. Fluidization, minimum fluidizing velocity.

Two phase theory of fluidization, bubbles and fluidization regimes, mixing,

elutriation and transport of solids. Fluidized bed heat/ transfer combustion and

design.

**CHE 494: Glass and Ceramics Technology 2 Credits**

Properties of glass and sizing, manufacture of glass, design methods,

properties of ceramics, sources of ceramic products, various uses of ceramic

materials, design of manufacturing processes and equipment.

**CHE 496: Computer Applications in Chemical Engineering**

3 Credits

Review of Computer Programming; Flow charts, Algorithm; BASIC,

FORTRAN Languages; Development of simple software for chemical engineering

process calculations and simulations. Statistical methods; The use of generic

computer codes, spreadsheets, etc in solving chemical engineering problems;

Computer simulation languages; Report presentation software packages, etc.

YEAR 5/5 AND 4/4

First Semester

**CHE 525: Transport Phenomena IV 3 Credits**

Viscous flow: Boundary layers, definition of displacement and momentum

thickness, form parameter, skin friction coefficient. Derivation of boundary layer

momentum equation.

Laminar boundary layers; application of momentum equation to give friction

coefficient on a flat plate. Factors affecting boundary layer transition. Turbulent

boundary layers, power law and logarithmic velocity distribution, laminar

sublayer, skin friction coefficient on a flat plate. Effect of roughness elements.

Descriptive knowledge of the nature of turbulence. Boundary layer separation and

formation of wakes (descriptive). Velocity distributions, velocity law.

Fundamentals of hydrodynamic lubrication as examples of laminar flow between

plates.

Non-Newtonian fluids: Stress strain relationship for principal type (e.g. Bingham,

pseudo-plastic, thixotropic and visco-elastic fluids). Laminar flow of non-

Newtonian fluids in circular pipes, general relation between discharge and shear

stress. Relation between discharge and pressure drop for Bingham plastic and

power law fluids.

CHE 535: Separation Processes IV 2 Credits

Liquid-Liquid Extraction: Phase equilibria in liquid-liquid systems. Selection of

the solvent. Equilibrium stage calculations in batch and continuous co-current and

counter current extractions. The transfer unit method of tower design. Counter

current extraction with reflux. Liquid-liquid extraction with chemical reaction.

Methods for economic optimization of design. Rate data: correlation and prediction

of rate data in extraction columns.

Other Diffusional Separation Processes: The general principles of the following

processes: molecular distillation, thermal distillation, thermal diffusion, dialysis,

electro-dialysis, electrophoresis, ion exchange, chromatographic separations,

molecular sieve separations, hyper-sorption, adsorption processes, dissolution,

crystallization.

CHE 547: Reaction Engineering 1 2 Credits

Reactor Design: Tubular reactors. Solution of the elementary design equation

based on plug flow for isothermal and adiabatic cases. Continuous stirred tank

reactors. Design equations, based on the perfect mixing assumption. Comparison

of reactor volume for stirred tank and tubular reactor. Application of residence

time studies to reactor. Comparison of batch and continuous processes with regard

to reactor volume and reaction yield. The logic of a choice of process. Some

optimization probe. Optimum temperature sequences.

**CHE 551: Process Control 3 Credits**

Frequency Analysis: Frequency response loci of typical systems. Simple Nyquist

stability criterion. Gain and phase margin. Bode diagrams. Nichols chart. Full

Nyquist criterion and s-plane contours. Compensation techniques.

State Variable Analysis: The state variables of a dynamic system. Formulation of

the state vector differential equation. Solution of the eigen values of the

characteristic equation.

Non Linear and Digital Control: Liberalization. Phase plane. Describing

functions. Liapunov Z-transforms. Pole zeroes in the Z-plane. Zero order hold.

Frequency characterization. Digital compensation. Discrete form of the state

variable equation.

Stochastic and Adaptive Control: Stochastic signals. Probability. Mean square

error. Correlation functions. Power density spectrum. Fourier transform, Simple

identification with impulse, step, frequency and P.R.B.S. qualitative treatment of

performance indices, gradient methods, model reference and hill climber

techniques.

Multivariable Control: State variable relations with classical control. Canonical

forms controllability and observability. State variable feedback. Introduction to

optimal control.

Process Control: Principles of design of electronic and pneumatic controllers.

Characterization and applications of electronic, electro-valves. Process modelling,

mass and energy balances, representation by transfer lags and distance velocity

lags. Performance specification offset, subsidence ratio. Descriptive treatment of

ON OFF; cascade, and direct digital control of processes.

**CHE 565: Chemical Plant Design Project 4 Credits**

Design problem involving the study of a process. Preparation of flow sheets

and preparation of heat and mass balances and detailed design of some plant items.

Economics and safety considerations must be stressed.

CHE 513: Industrial Management 3 Credits

Functions and responsibilities of management. Organizing for efficiency.

Training, recruitment and compensation of staff. Staff appraisal. Budget and cost

control. Effective communication. General management. Planning.

Law for Engineers: Function of law, Basic principles of Nigerian Law

Introduction of the law of contrasts. Law of Business association. Industrial and

Labour Law. Maritime Law. Environment Law.

Electives

2 Credit Units of Elective from the following:

CHE 591: Environmental Pollution Engineering 2 Credits

Pollution and the Environment, definitions and inter-relationships, natural

and man-made pollution, the economics of pollution. Air pollution-gaseous and

particulates, and their sources. Effect on weather, vegetation materials and human

health. Legislation relating to air pollution. Methods of control of gaseous elusion

and destruction, cyclones, separators. Electrostatic precipitators, bag filters, wet

washers, etc. dispersal from chimneys and method of calculating chimney heights.

Flare stacks.

Water pollution river pollution by impurities effluents. Legislation and

standards for effluent discharge impurities in natural water and their effects. Brief

survey of river ecology and the effects of effluents on the ecosystem. Treatment

processes including precipitation, flocculation, coagulation, sedimentation,

clarification and colour removal.

Principles of biological treatment processes. Cost treatment. Coagulation,

sedimentation, clarification and colour removal.

Principles of biological treatment processes. Cost of treatment. Treatment

for water re-se.ion exchange.

Land pollution disposal of solid wastes by incinerator and dumping. Possible

future treads including conversation of solid wastes noise, thermal and nuclear

pollutions.

**CHE 593: Biochemical Reactor Design 2 Credits**

Overall stoichiometry of microbial reactions. Soluble substrate and enzyme

reactor design, plug flow and CSTR effects. Soluble Steady state continuous

culture in a CSTR, effect of dilution rate, limiting substrate concentration,

temperature and pH on cell, substrate and product concentration. Determination of

kinetic parameters from continuous culture data. Unsteady state and fed batch

operations. Application of solid and liquid residence time concepts to reactor

design: Effects of mass transfer nutrient limitation in flees, oxygen limitation in

microbial reactors. Examples of reactor design chosen from fermentation, waste

treatment, enzyme reactors and other biochemical processes.

CHE 595: Chemical Engineering Entrepreneurship 2 Credits

Manufacturing and raw material adaptability. Research and development.

Sources of information. Payment copyrighs, etc. entrepreneurship/organization of

business. Small scale business operations and problems. Venture capital, capital

sources. Federal and state governments regulation on chemical industries. Market

research methods and feasibility reports. Small scale business case studies.

Second Semester

CHE 526: Loss Prevention in the Process Industries 2 Credits

Hazard in chemical process industries. Safety in plants. Causes of accidents

in process plants. Prevention of accidents. HAZOP technique. Maintenance of

plant to minimize loses. Waste effluent treatment. Pollution control. Many

implications of various losses.

CHE 548: Reaction Engineering II 2 Credits

Fluid-solid catalyzed and uncatalysed reactor design. Catalyst deactivation.

Fixed and fluidized bed reactor design. Other industrial reactors.

**CHE 552: Process Optimization 3 Credits**

Maxima of functions through the use of calculus. Unconstrained peak

seeking methods. Single and multivariable search techniques. Constrained

optimization techniques. Linear programming. Numerical optimization techniques.

Discrete events.

CHE 599: Research Project 4 Credits

Individual research projects under the supervision of an academic staff.

Projects should focus on national and state industrial problems.

CHE 586: Petroleum Refinery Processes 2 Credits

History and development of refining, composition of petroleum and testing

methods. Introduction to processing refinery and distillation processes,

fractionation equipment, chemical treatments, heat exchangers, tube still, etc.

design of refining equipment. Types of refinery products, properties and

applications, sources of petrochemical, thermal cracking, catalytic cracking,

refining, natural gas and its utilization, refinery gasses and its utilization.

Electives

**4 Credit Units of Electives from the following:**

**CHE 590: Coal Processing Technology 2 Credits**

Introduction to coal formation. Physical and chemical properties of coal.

Carbonization of coal. Combustion of coal. Gasification of coal. Liquefaction of

coal. Environmental aspects of coal utilization.

CHE 592: Petrochemical Science and Technology 2 Credits

The oil industry and its relevance to the petrochemical industry. The

nonfossil fuels and their relevance to the petrochemical industry. Petrochemical

precursor. Socio-economic, socio-political and geographical implications of the

petrochemical industry. Planning petrochemical industry for a developing country.

CHE 594: Petroleum Reservoir Engineering 2 Credits

Properties of oil and gas. Composition of oil and natural gas. Classic

properties of single and multiple fluid saturated rocks e.g. porosity, permeability

and fluid saturations. Reservoir fluid behaviour PVT analysis, formation volume

factors. Concepts of flow through porous media. Testing of reservoirs and well

completion. Concepts of petroleum production. Gas lifts, surface production

equipment. Reservoir types. Estimating reserves, material balance equations.

Steady state and transient flow in reservoir.

CHE 596: Pulp and Paper Technology 2 Credits

Structural, physical and chemical properties of raw materials for the

industry. Preparation of pulpwood. Mechamical, semi-mechanical, sulphite/craft

pulping processes. New laboratory pilot plant scale processes. Recovery processes

of energy and chemical from pulping processes residuals. Bleaching of pulps and

stocks preparation. Paper making and finishing operations. Economics and

ecological aspects of paper manufacture.

**CHE 598: Paint Technology 2 Credits**

Basic concept of paint. Properties of paints-Opacity, particle size, finess of

grind etc. composition of paint pigments. Extenders, Additives. Production of

Alkyd Resins. Measurement of paint quality. Primer, undercoats and uses.

Formulation of paints gloss and emulsion.