Polymer/Texile Engineering Programmes

Basic Requirements for Undergraduate Programme

The Department of Polymer and Textile Engineering admits undergraduate students through University Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME), Direct Entry and the Pre-Science programme of the University following the minimum admission requirements for Undergraduate Programme in accordance with COREN and NUC Guidelines.

 

  1. Admission through University Tertiary Matriculation Examination

UTME candidates are admitted into the 100 level of the degree programme subject to the under listed conditions:

 

  • They achieve not less than the approved UTME minimum score, which shall normally not be less than fifty percent of the maximum possible and the subject combination must be Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and the Use of English.
  • By the first day of October of the year of admission they possess at least one of the following:

(a)       The Senior Secondary School Certificate (SSSC) or the General Certificate of Education (ordinary level) or equivalent certificate with credit level passes in at least five subjects, including English language, Mathematics, Chemistry, and Physics obtained in not more than two sittings.

(b)       The Teachers Grade Two Certificate with credit or merit passes in at least five subjects including English language and Mathematics.

  • They satisfy any other Faculty/Department requirement(s) as approved by the University Senate.

 

III.       Admission through Direct Entry

  • Applicants must meet the conditions specified in 1(ii) and 1(iii) above
  • Possess at least one of the following qualifications:
  • Obtain at least four subjects in one sitting in GCE A/L. The two GCE A/L subjects should be selected from the following: Pure and Applied Mathematics, Pure Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and Engineering drawing.
  • a minimum of upper credit pass in OND in the relevant discipline;
  • a University degree or HND or its equivalent;
  • Any other qualification acceptable to the University Senate.

 

  1. Admission through Pre-Science

Candidates who successfully complete the University’s Pre-Science programme and who fulfill the under-listed conditions are offered admission:

  • Possess the Senior Secondary School Certificate or the General Certificate with passes at credit level in at least five subjects obtained in one or two sittings and including at least two science subjects chosen from: Agricultural Science/Biology, Chemistry, Further Mathematics/Mathematics, Health Science, Home Economics/Home Management, Physics or any science subject(s) acceptable to the University Senate.
  • Pass the final examination in the Pre-Science programme with at least 200 marks and attain the cut-off mark of the department that year.
  • Scored at least 50% in the subject(s) required to remedy any deficiency in the Faculty/Departmental Entry requirements.
  • Have paid all the prescribed fees of the Pre-Science Unit.

UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMME STRUCTURE

 

Year One (100 Level) First Semester

S/NCOURSE CODECOURSE TITLECREDIT UNITS (U)LECTURE

(L)

TUTORIAL

(T)

PRACTICAL

(P)

A. General University Courses
1.GSS 101Use Of English I11
2.GSS 105Humanities22
3.GSS 107Nigerian Peoples And Culture22
4.GSS 108Basic Igbo Studies I11
B. Inter-Faculty Courses
5.MAT 101 Elementary Mathematics I321
6.BUS 101Introduction To Business22
7.ICH 101Basic Organic Chemistry I22
8.PHY 101General Physics I321
9.PHY 107General Physics Laboratory I11
10.ICH 111Basic Inorganic Chemistry I22
C. Faculty Courses
11.FEG. 101Engineering Mathematics I221
Total211831

 

 

Year One (100 Level) Second Semester

S/NCOURSE CODECOURSE TITLECREDIT UNITS (U)LECTURE

(L)

TUTORIAL

(T)

PRACTICAL

(P)

A. General University Courses
1.GSS 102Use of English II11
2.GSS 103Introduction to Philosophy & Logic22
3.GSS 109Basic Igbo Studies11
B. Inter-Faculty Courses
4.MAT 102Elementary  Mathematics II321
5.ICH 102Basic Physical Chemistry22
6.PHY 102General Physics II321
7.PHY 108General Physics Laboratory II11
8.ICH 112Basic Practical Chemistry211
C. Faculty Courses
9.FEG. 103Circuit theory211
10.FEG 102Engineering Mathematics II221
Total191642

 

 

 

Year Two (200 Level) First Semester

S/NCOURSE CODECOURSE TITLECREDIT UNITS (U)LECTURE

(L)

TUTORIAL

(T)

PRACTICAL

(P)

A. General University  Course
1.*GSS 107Nigeria People and Culture22
B. Inter-Faculty Courses
1.MAT 201Linear Algebra I321
2.ICH 221General Physical Chemistry211
C. Faculty Courses
4.CSE 201Computer Programming I211
5.FEG 201Applied  Electricity I211
6.FEG 211Applied Mechanics II (Static)211
7.FEG 213Engineering Drawing I211
8.FEG 221Fluid Mechanics I211
9.FEG 250Principles of Material Science211
10.FEG 281Workshop Practice I211
D. Departmental Course
11.PTE 201Introduction to Polymer and Textile Engineering211
Total21 *(23)11

*(13)

64

* For Direct Entry Students Only.

 

 

 

Year Two (200 Level) Second Semester

S/NCOURSE CODECOURSE TITLECREDIT UNITS (U)LECTURE

(L)

TUTORIAL

(T)

PRACTICAL

(P)

A. General  University Courses
1.*GSS 103Introduction to Philosophy and Logic22
2.+ENT 200Entrepreneurship22
B. Inter-Faculty Courses
3.MAT 202Elementary Differential  Equations321
4.BUS 204Principles  of Management22
C. Faculty Courses
5.CSC  202Computer Programming II211
6FEG 202Applied Electricity II211
7.FEG 212Applied Mechanics II (Dynamics)211
8.FEG 214Engineering Drawing II211
9.FEG 215Strength of Materials I211
10.FEG 242Thermodynamics I211
11.FEG 280Engineer – In- Society22
12.FEG 282Workshop Practices II211
Total21 (*23)13

(*15)

53

* For Direct Entry Students Only.

 

 

 

Year Three (300 Level) First Semester

S/NCOURSE CODECOURSE TITLECREDIT UNITS (U)LECTURE

(L)

TUTORIAL

(T)

PRACTICAL

(P)

A. Faculty Course
1.FEG 303Engineering Mathematics III211
B. Inter-Departmental  Course
2.MCE 371Machine Design211
C. Departmental  Courses
3.PTE 301Polymer Chemistry321
4.PTE 303Structure Analysis and Testing of Polymeric and Textiles321
5.PTE 305Yarn and Fabric Manufacture211
6.PTE 307Heat and Mass Transfer321
7.PTE 309Technical Writing and Communication11
8.PTE 311Chemistry of Elastomers211
9.PTE 313Basic Textile Design211
Total201226

 

 

 

 

Year Three (300 Level) Second Semester

S/NCOURSE CODECOURSE TITLECREDIT UNITS (U)LECTURE

(L)

TUTORIAL

(T)

PRACTICAL

(P)

A. Departmental   Courses
1.PTE 302Mechanical Properties of Polymers22
2.PTE 304Polymer Rheology321
3.PTE 306Weaving Technology211
4.PTE 308Polymer Processing Engineering I321
5.PTE 310Man Made Fibre Production22
6PTE 312Process Dynamics and Instrumentation22
7.PTE 314Reaction Engineering22
8.PTE 316Chemical Processing and Quality Controls in Polymer & Textile Industries321
9.PTE 318Non-Woven Fabric Technology22
Total21174

 

 

Year Four (400 Level) First Semester

S/NCOURSE CODECOURSE TITLECREDIT UNITS (U)LECTURE

(L)

TUTORIAL

(T)

PRACTICAL

(P)

A.  Faculty  Course
1FEG 404Engineering Mathematics IV211
B. Inter-Departmental  Course
2.PTE 411Engineering Law and Management22
C.  Departmental Course 
3.PTE 401Polymer Processing Engineering II321
4.PTE 403Plant Design and Layout211
5.PTE 405Properties of Bulk Polymers321
6.PTE 407Polymer Composites and Blends321
7.PTE 409Knitting Technology321
8.PTE 413Entrepreneurship in Polymer and Textile211
Total201325

 

 

Year Four (400 Level) Second Semester

S/NCOURSE CODECOURSE TITLECREDIT UNITS (U)LECTURE

(L)

TUTORIAL

(T)

PRACTICAL

(P)

A.  General University  Course
1.FEG 400Students’ Industrial Work Experience Scheme (SIWES)66

 

 

 

 

Year Five (500 Level) First Semester

S/NCOURSE CODECOURSE TITLECREDIT UNITS (U)LECTURE

(L)

TUTORIAL

(T)

PRACTICAL

(P)

A.  Departmental Course 
1.PTE 501Polymer and Fiber Science321
2.PTE 503Polymer Chain Properties and Solution22
3.PTE 505Complex Textiles and Design321
4.PTE 507Technology of Elastomers211
5.PTE 509Polymer in Medicine and Specialty Uses22
6.PTE 511Seminar11
7.PTE XYZElective I22
8.PTE 599Research Project33
Total181116

 

ELECTIVES I

S/NCOURSE CODECOURSE TITLECREDIT UNITS (U)LECTURE

(L)

TUTORIAL

(T)

PRACTICAL

(P)

A.  Departmental Elective Courses
1.PTE 513Optimizations in Polymer Processes22
2.PTE 515Environmental Pollution Control22
3.PTE 517Pulp and Paper Technology22
4.PTE 519Recycling22
5.PTE 521Conducting Polymers22

 

Year Five (500 Level) Second Semester

S/NCOURSE CODECOURSE TITLECREDIT UNITS (U)LECTURE

(L)

TUTORIAL

(T)

PRACTICAL

(P)

A.  Departmental Course 
1.PTE 502Polymer Processing Engineering III211
2.PTE 504Modern Yarn Production211
3.PTE 506Polymer Reactions and Degradation22
4.PTE 508Theory of Textile Structures211
5.PTE 510Colouration and Finishing of Textiles321
6.PTE 512Adhesives Technology22
7.PTE XYZElective II22
8.PTE 599Research Project33
Total181134

 

ELECTIVES II

S/NCOURSE CODECOURSE TITLECREDIT UNITS (U)LECTURE

(L)

TUTORIAL

(T)

PRACTICAL

(P)

A.  Departmental Elective Courses
1.PTE 516Petrochemical and Coal Technology22
2.PTE 518PVC Technology22
3.PTE 520Colour Technology22
4.PTE 522Biopolymer Engineering22

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. e) COURSE CONTENT SPECIFICATIONS/SYLLABUS

 

  1. GENERAL UNIVERSITY COURSES

 

GSS101  USE OF ENGLISH I                 (1 Credit)

Use of English is a course designed to equip participating students with the language skills required for excellent communication in all fields of human endeavour. It contains inter alia. Direct and indirect speech, Passive and active constructions, Punctuation and capitalization, Listening, Speaking and Reading and Reading skill, Pre-writing skills, Use of Library, Use of dictionary, skills for examinations.

 

GSS 102           USE OF ENGLISH II      (1 Credit)

Students are drilled on effective writing skills among which are the techniques for writing: Outlines, Paragraphs, Essays, Letters, Speeches, Public announcements. Students’ reports term paper, minutes, Memoranda, Short stories and Summary.

Students are also helped to transfer the techniques for effective note taking/ note making cum the use of library for research purposes.

 

GSS 103: INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY AND LOGIC (2 Credits)

The concept of  philosophy.  Etymology of philosophy.A later survey of the main branches of philosophy, Metaphysics.Epistemology.Axiology and logic, Modes of philosophy.Speculative and annalistic modes.Uses of philosophy.  Major systems of though. Ideation, Realism, Pragmatism.Existentialism and analysis schools of thought.The method of deduction using rules of inference and bio-conditions.  Symbolic logic: special symbols in Symbolic logic, conjunction, negation, affirmation, disjunction on, equivalence and conditional statements.

 

GSS 105:          HUMANITIES   (2 Credits)

Appreciation of the cultural content meaning., variations and dynamics of organized social life through history, philosophy, arts, music, religion, political science and sociology. Patten of symbolic interaction and their influence on human nation.Primordial and eerie cultural orientations.  The meaning of life and its changing forms in Nigerian society.

 

GSS 107:NIGERIAN PEOPLES AND CULTURES  (2 Credits)

Study of Nigerian history and culture in pre-colonial times.Meaning, variations and dynamites of culture.Archaeological heritage of Nigerian State.The history of Nigeria in the 19th and 20th centuries.ethnicity, national interest and national integration.Evolution of Nigeria as a political unit.  The value questions in Nigerian national development.  Social justice and political instability.The philosophy of Nigerian state.The military as an instrument of nation building in Nigeria.Empowering women for national development.Personality, its concept, structure and development.Crime and juvenile delinquency.Prevention and control of HIV/AIDS and STDs in Nigeria.Music in Nigerian culture.Youths and drug in Nigeria.Culture areas in Nigeria and their characteristics.Concepts of functional education.National economy.Balance of trade.Economics self- reliance.Social justice.Individual and national developing.Moral obligations of citizens.

 

  1. INTER-FACULTY COURSES

 

ICH 101:  BASIC ORGANIC CHEMISTRY          (2 Credits)

Introduction:Brief historical background, bounding in organic compound, the carbon atom. Hybridization (sp 3, sp2, sp).Classification of organic compounds.Isolation and purification of organic compounds.Elemental or qualitative analysis.Quantitative analysis.Formula of organic compound (experiment, molecular and structural).Structural and stereoisomerisms.Functional group and homologous series.

IUPAC Nomenclature:IUPAC nomenclature of the following facility of organic compounds; alkanes, alkynes, halogenoalkanes, alkanols, alkanals, alkanols, alkanets, acid amides, nitrites and amines, alkanoic acids  acids chlorides and acid anhydrides. Preparation, physical and chemical properties of the families listed above.

 

ICE 102:           BASIC PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY             (2 Credits)

The Gas laws: Boyle ‘s law Charles law, the general gas equation, Glay-Lussace law. Gas consultDaltion’s law of partial pressures. Graham’s law of gaseous diffusion. The kinetic  theory of matter.  Derivation of the kinetic equation.Deviations from the ideal gas law.Vander Waal’s equation.Liquefaction of gasses. The joule- thompson effect.

Properties of Dilute Solutions: Definition of the following concentration terms: molarity, molality, mole fraction, vapour pressure and lowering of vapour pressure. Raoutlt’s Law.Elevation of boiling point, lowering of freezing point.Osmotic pressure.

Introduction to Thermodynamics:Definition of the following terms:  systems, state variables, and equilibrium, isothermal and adiabatic processes. The first law of thermodynamics.Work done for state changes (PV type).

Thermochemistry: Heat changes.  Heat of reaction. Laws of thermochemistry (Lavoisier and Laplace Iaws and Hess Law of constant heat summation).Applications of the laws in calculations.Bond energy.

Chemical equilibrium:Chemical  equilibrium and reversible reaction. The law of mass action.Equilibrium constant.Factors affecting chemical equilibrium.Equilibrium between ions in the solid and liquid phases.Solubility and solubility product. Effect of a common ion on solubility and solubility  product.

Chemical Kinetics:Rate of a chemical reaction. Factors affecting the rate of chemical reaction activation energy.

Ionic Equilibrium: Electrolytes. Acids and bases.Bronsted. Lowly, Lewis and arrhenius theories of acids and bases. pH and dissociation constant.  Lionization wate. Hydrolysis. Buffer solution and buffer capacity.

 

ICH 111: GENERAL BASIC INORGANIC CHEMISTRY  (2 Credits)

Matter: Laws of chemical combination. Stoichiometry of chemical kinetics.Atomic structure and electronic configuration of elements.Electronic theory of valences.

Bonding: Ionic, covalent, co-ordinate, metallic, hydrogen bonding and Van der Waals forces.Fundamental components of atoms.Stable and unstable particles.Periodic classification of elements.Blocks, rows and groups.General feature of chemistry of s- p- and f- blocks. Isotopes: Detection, concentration and separation of isotopes. Natural and artificial radioactivity, stability of nucleus.Fission and fusion.Differences between radioactivity and ordinary chemical reactions.Measurements of radioactivity, decay constant and calculation involving radioactivity.

 

ICH 112: BASIC PRACTICAL CHEMISTRY                    (2 Credits)

Theory and practice of volumetric and qualitative inorganic analysis.Preparation of standard solutions.Calculation of molarity and concentrations.Method of dilution of solution and calculation. Redox titration and calculations involved. Test for common anions and Identification of SO 42- , SO 32- , NO 3 , CO 32- , CI , Br , 1- NO 2 , Test for common cations Fe 2+, Fe 3+, NH4+, Zn 2+, Pb2+, A13+, Alkali and alkaline earth metals. Test for common ions in the first transition series e.gMn, Cr, Ni, Cu, etc. Group separation of cations.

 

MAT 101: ELEMENTARY MATHEMATICS I                (3 Credits)

Number systems:natural, integer, rational, irrational, real and complex numbers.

Elementary set theory. Indices, surds and logarithms.Quadratic equations.Polynomials and their factorization- the remainder and factor theorems. Rational functions and partial  fractions. The principle of mathematical induction (PM).Permutations and combinations.The binomial theorem for rational index.

Progressions: arithmetic. Geometric, harmonic, arithmetic –geometric, solution of inequalities.The algebra of complex numbers- addition.Subtraction, multiplication and division.Argand diagrams and the geometry of complex numbers.Modulus.Arguments and polar co-ordinates.The de Movre’s theorem.  Complex nth roots of unity and complex solution to z”–a

Trigonometry: circular measure elementary properties of trigonometric functions, radians measure, addition formula and other trigonometric identities. Since and cosine laws.Solution of triangles.Heights and distances.

 

MAT 102         ELEMENTARY MATHEMATICS II       (3 Credits)

Functions: concept and definition: examples –polynomial, exponential, logarithmic and trigonometric functions. Graphs and their properties.

Plane analytic geometry: Equations of a straight line, circle parabola, ellipse and hyperbola. Tangents differentiation from first principles of some polynomial and trigonometric functions. Techniques of differentiation – sum, products, quotients and chain rules including implicit differentiations.

Differentiationof simple algebraic, trigonometric, exponential, logarithmic and composite functions. Higher order derivations. Applications to extreme and simple rate problems.Hospital’s rule, simple Taylor/Maclaurin expansion. Curve sketching. Integration as anti-differentiation.The fundamental theorem of integral calculus.Application to areas and volumes.

 

PHY 101:  GENERAL PHYSICSI                        (3 Credit) 

Space and time frames of reference: Units and dimensions. Kinematics- vectors, scalars, speed/velocity, acceleration, circular motion and applications. Fundamental laws of Mechanics,

Statics: Equilibrium. Centre of mass.  Dynamics: Newton’s law of motion. Force, inertia, mass and weight. Contact forces. Atwood machines.Pulleys.Projectile motion.

Linear momentum:Galilcoan variance.  Universal gravitation- Newton’s gravitation law.Kepler’s laws.Gravitational potential.Earth’s satellite.Velocity of escape and weightlessness.Work and energy, Rotational dynamics and angular momentum.Moment of Inertia.Kinetic energy of rotation.Conservation laws.Oscillatory motion- simple harmonic motion. Damped and forced oscillation.

 

PHY 102: GENERAL PHYSICS II           (3 Credits)

Electricity and Magnetism, Optics: Electrostatics; Coulomb’s Gauss’s law. Capacitors.Electric fields and potentials.Energy in electric field.

Conductors and Currents: Ohm’s law. Temperature dependence of resistance.Combination of resistances.Measurement of resistances. Dielectrics (qualitative treatment only)

Magnetic Fields and Induction: Faraday’s and Lenz’s laws. Earth’s field.Ampere’s law.Maxwell’s equations (qualitative treatment only).Electromagnetic oscillations and waves; types, properties.Mirrors and lenses, Reflection, refraction, application.Optical instruments.

 

PHY107: GENERAL PHYSICS LABORATORY I (1 Credit)

This introductory course emphasizes quantitative measurements, the treatment of measurement, errors and graphical analysis. A variety of experimental techniques will be employed. The experiments include studies of mechanical systems and mechanical resonant systems, lights, heat, viscosity etc. covered in Physics 101

 

PHY 108:  GENERAL PHYSICAL LABORATORY II        (1 Credit)

Basic experiments on electrically and magnetism covered in PHY 102 Experiments included studies of meters, the oscilloscope, and electrical resonant system.

           

BUS 101 :        INTRODUCTION TO BUSINESS            (2 Credits)

Introduction:Scope of business. Definition of business.External properties of business.Role of business.Types of economic systems. Why study business. Forms of Business Ownership: Sole proprietorship. Partnership.The Joint Stock Company.Statutory corporations/Public enterprises. Cooperative societies, Management and Organization: Nature of management. Functions of management.Line and staff functions in organizations.

Production and Marketing: Types of production.  Production processes. The marketing  concept. Marketing functions.

The Finance Function: Types of financing- shot term. Medium term, long term financing. Factors influencing choice of funds.Types of shares.

The According Function: Purpose of recounting. Principles of accounting.Double entry bookkeeping.Day books. Ledger accounts. The trial balance.  Profit and loss account, and the balance sheet.

 

ICH 221: GENERAL PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY    (2 Credit)

Kinetic Theory:  Behaviour of gasses and kinetic theory. Ideal and non-ideal behavior of gases.Derivation of the kinetic theory equation for the pressure of an ideal gas and dedications.Molecular and collision diameter and number. Mean free path. Collision number.Viscosity of a gas.Boltzmann distribution law. Types of average speed. Mean velocity, pool –mean- square velocity and moat probable velocity. Equipartition of energy.Brownian motion.

Chemical Thermodynamics: Nature and scope of thermodynamics: Calorimetric. Standard molar enthalpies of formation and the determination of standard molar enthalpies for chemical reaction from tables of these.Heat capacities. The cannot  cycle.

 

CSC 201  COMPUTER PROGRAMME I     (2 Credit)

Introduction – types of computers and components, their uses- industrial and scientific. computer logic- software and hardware.  introduction to computer languages – FORTRAN, BASIC, COBOL etc.

 

CSC 202   COMPUTER PROGRAMMING II      (2 Credits)

Application of FORTRAN and BASIC to simple problems, flow charts, Data structures. Analysis of commercial and professional software:  database, spreadsheet, and word-processing, CAD, CAL, CAM etc.  Operating systems – IBM OS/2, Microsoft’s DOS and WINDOWS, UNIX etc.Practical exercises with commercial and professional software.

 

BUS 204: PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT     (2 Credits)

Basic concepts in Management: What is management? Definitions of management. The three dimensions of management – management as a process: management as an organizational positions; management as a profession.Management as a science or art or both?Universality of management.Functions of the manager- planning; organizing, motivating, communicating, controlling, decision making. Staffing and Directing.  Nature of staffing.The staffing process.  Human resources planning – selection, interview, recruitment, induction   and orientation, training and development, performance appraisal, promotion and demotion. Transfers and disengagements.Concept of directing, Nature of directing and leading.Leadership and leadership styles.Motivation. Commutation – process. Channels.Networks, problems and grapevine.

Controlling: The concept of control.The control process.Types of control.Control  systems.  Characteristics of effective control systems. Control techniques- financial, operational and technical controls.  Mathematical/statistical control systems- PERT, CPM.

The Nigeria Environment: Characteristics of the Nigerian business environment – managerial, financial, infrastructural, political, government, intervention.  Management problems in Nigeria- educational training and development, accountability, succession, deployment, organizational.Challenges of current economic performs in Nigeria.Transferability of management systems.Management by Objectives (MBO).

 

MAT 201:  LINEAR ALGEBRA I            (3 Credit)

Vectors and vector algebra.Vector space over the real field.Linear dependence and independence.Basic and dimensions.The dot and cross products in three dimensions.Equations of lines and plans in free space.Linear transformation and their representation by matrices.Matrix algebra.Operations on matrices- rank, range, null space, nullity.Determinants and inverses of matrices.Singular and non-singular transformations.

 

MAT 202: ELEMENTARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS (3 Credits)

Methods of integration.Introduction to differential equations of the first order. Examples to illustrate the sources of differential equations from the physical and biological sciences-growth, decay, cooling problems and the law of mass action. Linear differential equations of second order.Application of the first and second order linear differential equations to falling problems and simple circuits.Laplace transformation.

 

III.        FACULTY COURSES

 

FEG 101: ENGINEERING  MATHEMATICS I                (2 Credit)

Trigonometry: Graphs of sin θ Trigonometrically identities. Double and half angles.  Solution of life expression a cos θ + b sin θ = x, the factor formulae, solution of triangles by the size and cosine formula. The half angle formulae.

Coordinate Geometry:  the equation of a straight line parallel and perpendicular lines.  Suffixes.Angles between two lines.Directed distances, polar coordinates. Relation between polar and Cartesian coordinates.  Parametric equation

Differentiation: Differentiation from first from first principles, Differentiation of xn, sin x, cosx, etc. Maxima and minima, curve sketching.

Series: Sequences and arithmetic and geometric progressions.Summation of series. Series with rth term in polynomial. The method of induction.Binomial and logarithmic series.Limits and convergence.

Circular measure: The equation of circle, the arc length, area of a sector, area of a segment, small angles. Graphical solution of equations.Tangents to a circle.

Algebra: Surds, fractional indices, zero and negative indices, roots of a quadratic equation. The remainder theorem, Permutation and combination.Theory of inequalities.

 

FEG 102:          ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS II       (2 Credits)

Integration: Integration as inverse of differentiation. The indefinite and definite integrals, integration by substitution.Trigonometrical integral, powers of sin x and cosx.

Expansion in series: Power series, Maclaurin’s and Taylor’s series for sin x, cosx and log x (lnx). The binomial series, exponential series.Partial Fractions.

Partial fractions: Denominators with linear factors.  Denominators with quadratic and repeated factors.Improper fractions.

There Dimensioned Trigonometry: Angle between a line and a plane. Angle between two planes.Three dimensional geometry.  Skew lines, parallel  lines and plane. Surface of revolution.

Probability and statistics: Mutually exclusive events. Independent events.The binomial probability distribution.

Hyperbolic functions: Conic sections.  The parabola, ellipse.  Parametric coordinates of an ellipse. The rectangle hyperbola, Hyperbolic sine and cosine. Osborn’s rule.Inverse hyperbolic functions.

Measuration and moments of inertia:  Right circular cone. frustum of a right circular cone. Surface area of sphere.Moments of inertia.  Perpendicular axes theorem.  Parallel axis theories.

 

FEG 103:  CIRCUIT THEORY                (2 Credits)

Introductory concepts: electrons and protons, conductors, insulators and semiconductors; units and definition of ampere, volt, resistance, power and energy; MKS units.

Resistive networks: resistances in series and parallel; current and voltage divisions; open and short circuits; cells, Kirchoff’s current and voltage laws, and their application.

Electrostatics: electric field, a parallel plate capacitor, multi-plate capacitors; capacitors in series and parallel; energy stored in a capacitor.

Electromagnetism: magnetic field, permeability and magneto motive force; self and mutual Inductances in series and parallel; Lenz’s laws: energy stored in and inductor,

Network theorems: The Venin’s and Norton’s Theorems; superposition theorem, maximum power transfer theorem; delta –star- delta transformation.

Introduction to AC theory: Waves form generation; angular measure, frequency and period: average and mean square values; phasors and phase angles.

 

FEG201:    APPLIED ELECTRICITY I               2 Credits

Revision on network theorems.

Analysis of AC Circuits: Series and parallel RL and RC circuits. Series and parallel RLC circuits.Resonance series and parallel. Impedance diagrams. Quality factor.

Mesh and Node Analysis: Choice of mesh currents. Mesh equations by inspection. Node analysis.Matrix method.

Coupled Circuits: Analysis of coupled circuits, coupling coefficient.Dot notation.

Circuit Transients: DC transients.RC and RL transients.AC transients.RLC transients.

Introduction to Electronic: Semiconductor properties. Electrons and holes.Intrinsic and extrinsic conduction.Donor and acceptor atoms.P N junction.Introduction to thermionic devices.Junction diode characteristics.Other diodes – Zener, photodiodes, tunnel and LEDS.Diode circuits.Bipolar transistors.Simple treatment of transistor operations.

 

FEG 202     APPLIED ELECTRICITY                            2 Credits

Poly-phase Systems:  Two phase and three phase systems. Star and delta connected loads. Power in three phase systems. Two wattmeter method applied to balanced loads.

Power Factor Correction: Power in sinusoidal steady state. Average and apparent power.Active and reactive power.Power factor correction.

Measurement and Instrumentation: Circuit symbols. Component identification.Reasons for measurement.Error analysis.Equipment reliability.

Use of Meters: AVO, CRO, signal generators.

Transistors: The transistor as an amplifier, common base, common emitter and common collector configurations. Transistor biasing and stabilisation.

Field Effect Transistors: JFET and MOSFET. Biasing the FET.Treatment of analogue and digital electronic instruments.

 

FEG 211 APPLIED MECHANICS I (STATICS)   (2 Credits) 

Fundamental principles permissible operations with forces acting on a rigid body.

Elements of vectors.Moment of a force about a point and about an axis.Varignon’s theorem.Reduction of two and three dimensional force systems. Equilibrium in two and three dimensions and its application in the determination of reactions at the constraints of determinate structures (beams, frames and arches).  Graphical static’s and its application in solving problems involving coplanar forces.Methods of joint, sections, Maxwell-Cremona and Cullman in solving plane tresses. Centre of gravity: graphical and analytical solutions.  Friction and related static problems.

 

FEG212  APPLIED MECHANICS II (DYNAMICS)          (2 Credits)

Coordinates systems and position vectors.Kinematics of a particle in plane motion in different coordinates.

Displacement, velocity, acceleration of a particle.Kinetics of a particle in motion.Newtons laws. Types of forces.Systems  of particles. Centre of mass.Simple harmonic motion.

Kinematics of a rigid body in plane motion. Relative motion between two points on a rigid body, velocity diagrams.  instantaneous centre of rotation.  kinetics of a rigid body in plane motion.  Work and energy for a system of particles.Kinetic energy of a rigid body.Potential energy.General energy principle.Virtual work.D’Alambert’s principle.Mechanical distinctions between solids and fluids.  Compressibility, density, viscosity, kinematics viscosity and the dependence of these properties on pressure and temperature, ideal solids and fluids, particles and rigid bodies, mass force velocity ad acceleration.

FEG 213 ENGINEERING DRAWING I   (2 Credits)

Use of engineering drawing tools/equipment, lettering, construction of title blocks, free hand sketching.  Pretoria views introduction of orthographic projection.  1st and 3rd angle projection.Projection of prints, lines and planes. Supplementary views visibility. True length of lines, grade and bearing of a line.Intersecting lines, parallel lines. Perpendicular lines, point view of a line, edge view of a plane surface. Shortest distance between two lines (including shortest perpendicular or horizontal at a given grade).True shape of a plane surface.Line conventions.Geometric constructions.Dimensioning practices.

 

FEG214  ENGINEERING DRAWING II (2 Credits)

Angle between plane surface. Strike line and dip angle of a plane surface. Angle between two intersecting line.Angles between two intersecting lines, angle between two non- intersecting (skew) lines.Angle between a line and a plane.

Development of prisms, cylinders, pyramids, cones, transition pieces, spherical surface.  Intersections of lines and a plane surface a line and a cone, a line and cylinder, a line and a sphere of plane surface, solids bounded by plane surface a cone and cylinder, two cones, any two solids, a plane with topographic surface.

Vector quantities, Graphical statistics.Graphical presentation of data.Graphical mathematics.Graphical calculus, empirical equations.Functional scale.Nonomagraphy. Isometric and oblique perspective views,

Introductory building drawing. Common size of brick and cement blocks. Brick /block bounds, Representative of doors and windows in plan, wall plasters, rafters, etc.  electrical circuit diagrams.

Practices with CAD software and drafting tables.

 

FEG215  STRENGTH OF MATERIALS    ( 3 Credits)

Subject matter of strength of materials.Fundamental hypothesis in strength of materials.Problems and methods in strength of materials. External and internal forces, stresses, displacement  and deformation, Hook’s law and the principle of superposition. General principles of structural analysis. Tension and compression, Internal  forces and stresses on the cross –section of a rod in tension and compression. Recompression, elongations of bar and Hooke’s law, potential energy of strain, statically determinate and statically indeterminate systems.  States of stress strain in tension and compression.

Torsion; Pure shear and its characteristic.Tension of a rod of circular cross-section, Torsion of a rod of non-circular cross-section.Geometrical characteristics of cross- sections of a rod.State moments of a section, Moments of inertia and principal \axes and principal moments of inertia.

Bending; internal forces acting on cross-section of a rod in bending.Stresses in a rod under pure bending.Stresses in transverse bending, oblique bending, eccentric tension and compression and stability of columns.

 

FEG  221: FLUID MECHANICS I                       (2 Credits)

Hydrostatics: Fundamental elements of fluid static’s; density, pressure, surface tension, Viscosity, compressibility.  Hydrostatic equation and its integration for incompressible fluids.Pressure distributions over plane and curved surfaces. Resultant force; line of action, centre of pressure, Measurement of pressure.

Dynamics: Steady and unsteady flow of fluids; streamlines, stream tubes. One, two and three-dimensional flow’s uniform and non-uniform flows.Laminar and turbulent flows.Nature of motion around blunt and streamlined bodies; establishment of velocity profiles, boundary layer separation; formation of wakes.Use of control volume for steady flow mass balance. Momentum balance and energy balance pressure and velocity in ideals and in shear flow situation.

Dimensional Analysis:  Buckingham’s pi-theorem, Dimensionless groups. Dynamical similarity. Flow modeling. Nature of effects of fluid friction in pipes and channels, relationship between friction factor and Reynolds’s number. Flow characteristics of pumps and turbines.

 

FEG 242:  THERMODYNAMICS I                     (2 Credits)  

Basic concepts: What is thermodynamics? Basic definitions.Historical background of thermodynamics.Dimensions.Units.Microscope and microscopic domain. Thermodynamic systems, boundaries, control volume. Properties and states, processes, heat and work, pressure, temperature and zeroth law.Intensive and extensive properties.Measurements of temperature, volumes and pressure.

The first law of thermodynamics: Application to open and closed systems. Internal energy, work and heat transfer.  Storing work as non- PV work.  Sign convention in heat and work transfer. Steady state flow equation (Bernoulli equation). Conservation of energy, flow processes and enthalpy. Flow and non-flow work.

Thermodynamic properties of pure substances, working fluids, liquids, vapours gases.Liquid –vapour phase equilibrium diagram. Saturated and superheated states in water and in working fluids of refrigerators, P-V- T relations and diagrams.The ideal gas.Steam quality measurements.Barrel calorimeters, separation, throttling and combined calorimeter, Use of property tables. Processes in the vapor phase at constant pressure. Isothermal, hyperbolic and polytrophic processes. The perfect gas, the ideal gas and P- V –T  relation. Specific heats, the gas constant, universal gas constant.  The mole processes with the ideal gas. Isothermal, Isochronic, adiabatic, and polytrophic processes.

The second law of thermodynamics and its corollaries.Reversibility and irreversibility. Efficiency and temperature scale. Carnet cycle in idealized heat engines and refrigerators.Heat  pumps. absolute temperature scale. Entropy:  Clausius inequality: T-S diagram for various processes. Maximum available energy.Entropy change in isolated systems.Consequences of the second law.

 

FEG 250        PRINCIPLES OF MATERIALS SCIENCE   2 Credits

Atomic structure.Electrons and bonding theory. Influence on materials structure and behaviour. Crystalline structures.Concept of grains and grain boundaries. Long range and short range order. Amorphous solids.Packing arrangements of crystals.Coordination numbers.Unit cell concept.Packing factors.Crystal defects and imperfections.Polycrystalline solids.Ductile and brittle behaviour. Stress-strain curves. Plastic deformation.Alloying concept.Solid solutions.Precipitation from saturated solid solutions. Equilibrium phase diagrams. Ageing phenomena. Hardening processes. The structure and properties of ceramics, glasses, cement and concrete, organic polymers, wood and various composite materials.Elements of conduction, semi-conduction and insulation theory.

 

FEG 280        ENGINEER IN SOCIETY                      2 Credits

Philosophy of Science and Technology:Concept of science and technology.The impact of technological development on the society materially, socially and culturally.

History of Engineering and Technology: Major technological developments in human history to the present day.

Industrialisation and Social Change:A sociological examination of industrialisation.Problems of urbanisation and the role of technology in influencing behaviour.

Safety in Engineering and Introduction to Risk Analysis: Safety criteria.Physical causes.Human attitude.Safety assessment techniques including risk assessment and risk analysis.

Role of Engineers in Nation Building: Qualifications of engineers.Engineering profession. Who are engineers? Possible careers.COREN registration of engineers.Internship for engineers.Role of engineers in government and nation building.

 

FEG 281 WORKSHOP PRACTICE I                          2 Credits

Elementary introduction to types and organization of engineering workshop, covering, jobbing, batch, mass production. Safety measures in the workshop in mechanical, electrical and civil engineering workshops. Principles of working.Bench work and fitting.

Introduction to workshop hand and powered tools, with emphasis on safety measures during operation.

Workshop materials, their properties and use.Various gauges, micrometer and other measuring devices. Measurement and marking for uniformity, etc.

General principles of working of standard metal cutting machine tools. Drilling machine and drilling processes. Screw threads and thread cutting using stock and dies. Marking off on face plate.Functions and capabilities of grinding machines, drilling machines, lathe machine, grinding machines and sharpening machines.General machine operation practice.

Mass production and modern machine tools, turret lathes, automatic and semiautomatic lathes, etc.

 

FEG 282   WORKSHOP PRACTICE II                 2 Credits

Standard measuring tools used in workshops.

Welding, brazing, soldering, etc.  Blacksmith hand tools and working principles. Introduction to welding and brazing.AC and DC electric arc welding. Fitting and assembling. Basic electrical skills.Testing of electrical installation and circuits including earthling.

Tools and machines for woodwork: hand tools, materials, classification and uses of timber. Various joints. Types used in carpentry and joinery. Processing, preparation and preservation of wood.

Basic skills in brickwork and masonry.Setting out equipment using working drawings. Bonding, plumbing, levelling, ganging and erection of corners in brick/block work.

 

FEG 303    ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS III      2 Credits

Further Matrices:Directed graph and matrices.Application to engineering examples.Eigenvalues and eigenvectors.The characteristic equation.The Cauley – Hamilton theorem.The Kronecker product.Iterative solution of eigenvalues and vectors.Quadratic and hermitian forms.Triangles decomposition and its application.Matrix transformation, rotation of axes.Diagonalisation, model and special matrices.

Laplace Transforms:Transform of common functions. Properties of some functions.Shifting theorem. Inverse transforms. Solution of differential equations and simultaneous equations. Periodic and Heaviside unit step functions. Dirac delta impulse functions. Initial and final value theorems.Examples from electrical and mechanical systems.Loaded beams.

Fourier Analysis:Definition and application of Fourier series.Dirichlet conditions.Even and odd functions.Half and quarter wave symmetry.Applications in civil, electrical and mechanical systems. Fourier transforms. Numerical harmonic analysis –  twelve point analysis.

Multiple Integral:Double and triple integral. Line integral. Close curves. Parametric equation.Green’s theorem.Surface integral in two and three dimensions.Volume integral. Change of variables. Jacobian transformation.

Numerical Analysis:Numerical solution of equations –  the Newton–Raphson iterative method. Numerical solution of differential equations.Euler method and the RungeKutta techniques. Curve fittings.

Special Function:The gamma function –  definition. Gamma function of negative values of x.The beta function. Relation between gamma and beta functions. The error function.The elliptic function of the first and second kind. Bessel function.

 

FEG 404        ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS IV        2 Credits

Vector Analysis:Revision of scalar and vector quantities. Vector functions of one variable. The Del operator.Line, surface and volume integral.Stokes and Green’s theorems.Gauss divergence theorem. Oblique coordinates. Tensors.Covariant differentiation.

Calculus of Variations:Extreme of functions of several variables.Lagrange’s multipliers. Properties of the characteristic values of (A – B)x= 0. The Euler equation for b = f (x,y,y¢)dx variations. The extreme of integral under constraints. The Sturm – Liouvile problems. The Hamilton’s principles and Lagrange equation. 

Partial Differential Equations:Derivation of equations.d’Alembert solution of the wave equation. Separation of variables.The heat conduction equation.Laplace’s equation.Use of Fourier series in fitting boundary conditions.

Further Numerical Analysis:Finite difference method of solving partial differential equations.Interpolation formulas.Numerical differentiation and integration.Iterative methods of solving linear systems – Jacobi, GaussSeidal and relaxation techniques.

Power Series Solution of Differential Equations:Higher differential coefficients.Leibnitz theorem.LeibnitzMaclaurin method.Froobeniusmethod. Series of complex terms – Taylor’s and Laurent’s expansion. Legendre polynomials.

Complex Variables:Functions and derivatives of complex variables.CauchyRiemann equations. Analytic functions. Singular points.Residue theorem.Conformal mapping.The bilinear transformation. Contour integration and application. SchwarzChristoffel transformation.

Optimization Techniques:Classical optimisation techniques.Linear and non-linear programming.Network analysis and critical path analysis.

 

MCE 371      Machine Design                          2 Credits

The design process – from the recognition of need to prototype development.Principles of reliability and economics in design for production.Strength, wear and material consideration.Fits, limits and tolerance specifications.Brief review of force systems and stresses encountered in design.Design of riveted joints, screw fastening, springs, welded construction and cast structures.Identification of standard machine components.Analysis of simple force (and torque) systems acting on a machine component.

 

  1. DEPARTMENTAL COURSES

 

PTE 201           Introductions to Polymer and Textile Engineering              2 Units

Basic concepts and definitions: Nomenclature and classification of polymers; Survey of types of fibres and textiles; Bonding in polymers; Molecular weight concept; Structure of polymers.

Polymer and textile industries:  Survey of the structure and statistics of the polymer and textile industries; small and large companies, horizontal and vertical integration.

Raw materials: – coal, petroleum, natural gas, proteins, cotton, and natural rubbers.

 

 

PTE 301         Polymer Chemistry                    3 Credits

Step–reaction polymerisation: Kinetics, control of molar mass, molar mass distribution in linear and non-linear systems, average molar masses, prediction of gel point, linear step-reaction polymerisation systems, characteristic features of step-reaction polymerisation.

Free radical chain polymerisation: Free radical initiators, chain growth, termination, kinetics, autoacceleration, chain transfer, inhibitors, retarders, distribution of molar mass, determination of individual rate constants, effect of temperature, features of free radical polymerisation.

Ionic and coordination chain polymerisation: anionic polymerisation, cationic polymerisation, general kinetic scheme, living polymers. Ziegler–Natta catalysts.

Ring opening polymerisation. Polymer modification.

Copolymerisation: classification of copolymers, copolymer composition equation, monomer reactivity ratios and copolymer structure, the Qe scheme.

Polymerisation processes: bulk, solution, suspension and emulsion polymerisation.

 

PTE 302           Mechanical Properties of Polymers  2 Units

Basic mechanical properties of polymers: Stress-strain behaviour of polymers; Factors affecting mechanical behaviour of polymers – molecular weight distribution, branching, cross linking, composition, etc.

Viscoelasticity of polymers: Viscoelastic mechanical models; Boltzmann superposition principle; Time-temperature superposition.

Rubber elasticity: Thermodynamics of rubber elasticity; Statistical theory of rubber elasticity; Limitations and use; Stress-strain behaviour of elastomers.

 

PTE 303           Structure Analysis and Testing of Polymeric and Textiles   3 Units

Polymer chain structure: Geometrical, structural, configurational and orientational isomerism. Branching in polyethylene, PVC and poly(vinyl acetate).

Textile structure: Properties of fibres, yarn, fabrics and polymerics and their relevance in assessing the performance of the materials (polymeric and textiles) during and after manufacture.

Analysis of polymer structure: Simple identification tests; Physical techniques for the study of polymer structures  – IR, NMR and Raman spectroscopy; X-ray diffraction; thermal analysis, GLC, optical microscopy, electron microscopy (SEM, TEM), etc.; Molar mass types and methods of determining molar mass – end-group analysis, osmometry, light scattering and viscometry. Molar mass distributions –  gel permeation chromatography (GPC); Polydispersity index.

Testing of textiles: Measurement of length, fineness, crimp and foreign matter content of fibres; Measurement of dimensions of polymeric; tensile testing; principles of operation and mechanics of CRT, CRL and CRE Tensile testing machines for fibres, yarns and fabrics; stress-strain relations, impact tests, abrasion tear resistance, hardness, optical properties, tests associated with fabrics handling such as compressibility, rigidity and drape; Testing of fabrics for end-use properties such as bursting strength, air permeability, shrinkage, dye fastness and thermal transmission. Evenness testing of silver and yarns, analysis of periodic variations of the products.

 

PTE 304        Polymer Rheology                           2 Credits

Basic ideas of viscosity  –  shear viscosity, tensile viscosity. Newtonian fluids.Non-Newtonian fluids. Flow in channels of constant cross-section  –  in circular cross-section, between a pair of parallel plates and through an annulus. Factors affecting viscous flow.Measurement of shear viscosity and presentation of data. Elastic effects in polymer melt flow. Residence and relaxation times.

 

PTE 305      Yarn and Fabric Manufacture            3 Credits

Principles of opening and clearing.Blending.Detailed study of blow room machinery for different varieties and grades of cotton.Recent developments.Principles of carding systems.Principles of roller drafting.Detailed study of drawing frame mechanisms.Drafting systems; recent developments. Objectives of comber lap preparation. Working principles of drafting twisting and winding.Recent developments in design and operations. Various systems of doubling production of folded yarns. Fancy yarns.Sewing thread manufacture.Reeling paste spinning.     

 

PTE 306           Weaving Technology             2 Credits

Yarn packages; various systems of yarn preparation. Details of non-automatic winding machines; precision winding.Beam and sectional warping processes and mechanisms.Automatic cheese, come and pirn winding machines.Sizing machines; size mixture for different materials.Methods of drawing – in twisting and knotting.Tappet shedding. Picking and shuttle flight control, shuttle boxes.

Sley movements; take-up systems, let-off motions, temples, warp protector and weft stop motions. Loom drives and brakes. Dobby-negative and positive dobbings, multiple box motions ordinary, cross-boarded and fine pitch jacquards and their mechanisms. Narrow fabric looms. Essential requirements for filament weaving; modern developments in non-conventional weaving machinery.

 

PTE 307           Heat and Mass Transfer         3 Units

Modes of heat transfer: Heat transfer by conduction; Laws of heat transfer by conduction; Boundary conditions; Steady-state conduction under boundary conditions of the first kind.

Heat transfer through: Plain wall, composite wall, cylindrical walls, multi-layer composite cylindrical wall and spherical wall; steady-state conduction under boundary condition of the third kind. Basic heat transfer calculations.

Heat transfer by convention: Basic laws of heat transfer by convention; Laminar fluid flow; turbulent fluid flow; transition flow; Heat transfer in liquid metals; Boiling liquids; Gases at high velocities and condensing vapours; Dimensioless analysis.

Heat transfer by radiation: Basic laws of heat transfer by radiation, basic laws of absorption; Radiation through parallel plates, in spaces, from gases etc. Heat transfer equipment – boiler, furnaces, metallurgical furnaces, shell and tube heat exchangers, etc.Heat exchanger design.

 

PTE 308     Polymer Processing Engineering I         3 Credits

Additives for plastics. Compounding of plastics –  high speed mixers, melt compounding mixers (internal mixers and two-roll mills) and compounding  extruders. Film extrusion –   lay-flat, cast, monoaxially and biaxially oriented film processes. Coextrusion for composite films. Extrusion blow moulding, injection blow moulding and stretch-blow moulding (biaxial blow moulding). Injection moulding, compression moulding, transfer moulding, thermoforming and rotational moulding.

 

PTE 309     Technical Writing and Communication 1 Credit

Principles of communication.Preparation and writing of technical reports.Oral presentation. Use of visual aids and other communication equipment in technical and research presentations

 

PTE 310      Man- Made Fibre Production            2 Credits

Introduction to the production of man-made fibres. Principles of melt spinning, dry spinning and wet spinning. Viscosity of melts and solutions.Drawing of fibres.Equipment for man-made fibre production. Main features of the production of some important man-made fibres e.g. viscose, cellulose acetate, polyamides, polyesters, and polyurethane fibres.

 

PTE 311      Chemistry of Elastomers        2 Credits

Raw material sources, manufacture, cross-linking and properties of the following elastomers: polyisoprene rubbers, (natural and synthetic); polybutadiene rubber; Styrene butadiene rubber; ethylene–propylene rubbers; isobutylene-isoprene rubbers (butyl rubber); neoprene (chloroprene rubber); acrylic elastomers; nitrile rubbers; fluorinated rubbers; chlorosulphonated polyethylene rubber; polyether/polyester rubber (polyurethane rubbers, AU and EU).

Thermoplastic elastomers: S-B-S, S-I-S, S-EB-S, copolymers of polyether-ester, copolymers of polyether-amides, thermoplastic urethanes, olefinicTPRs; Silicone rubbers.

 

PTE 312      Process Dynamics and Instrumentation    2 Credits

Linear Control Systems:Introduction: Simple properties of open and closed loop systems. Terminology.Qualitative description of simple control systems.Concepts of accuracy, stability and sensitivity.

Transient Analysis:Dynamics of simple linear devices and systems. Transfer functions. Block diagrams. Transient response of first and second order linear control systems subjected to step and ramp input functions. Non-dimensional system equations.System order and steady state errors.Characteristic equation pole – zero representation. Closed loop time domain specifications. Routh – Hurwitz stability criterion.

Process Measurement:Instrumentation: Transducer performance specification. Transducers for the measurement of common controlled variables, linear and angular difference, flow rate, density and temperature. Potentiometer, inductive, capacitive, and electromagnetic methods of measurement.

Signal Conditioning:Characteristics and applications of operational amplifiers, offset currents and voltages, input and output impedance with feedback, bandwidth, common – mode input range. Common – mode rejection ratio, single – ended and differential inputs; summation, integration and differential of signals. Instrumentation amplifiers.Transducer bridges.

 

PTE 313      Basic Textile Design                        2 Credits

Features of woven Textile Designs. Warp and weft floats. Concept of repeat size, motif, point paper designs, cross-sectional diagrams. Construction of simple plain weaves, twill weaves, balanced and unbalanced twill, matt weaves. Modification (ornamentation) of plain weaves, warp rib weaves, weft rib weaves, Denting, drawing-in, lifting plans for various types of woven textile deigns.

 

PTE 314           Reaction Engineering            2 Units

Classification of polymerisation reactions.Methods of reactor operation and design equations.Temperature and pressure effects.Fluid mixing, Catalyst deactivation.Choice of reactors.

Properties that affect reactions and reaction rate: temperature, pressure, concentrations,

Mole balances: the rate of reaction, -rA, the general mole balance equation, batch reactions.

Rate Laws and Stoichiometry: Basic definitions, reaction order and the rate laws, the reaction rate constant, stoichiometry.

Conversion and reactor sizing: definition of conversion, batch reactor design equation, other reactors design equation, space time and space velocity.

Chemical reaction equilibrium: Heat of reaction, heat of formation, heat of combustions, effects of temperature and pressure on equilibrium composition, heterogeneous reactions, calculating reaction conversions, selectivities and yields.

Reaction mechanisms and pathways: Searching for a mechanism, chain reactions, reaction pathways, catalysis, catalytic reactions and catalyst deactivation.

 

PTE 316           Chemical Processing and Quality Controls

in Polymer & Textile Industries                                             3 Units

Chemical preparatory processes: singeing, de-sizing, scouring, bleaching, mercerization, etc. Batch and continuous processes.

Introduction to quality control: Definition of quality control; Quality control organizations and functions; Federal and State government regulations on polymer and textile industries; Significance and importance of testing: polymers, fibres, fabrics, dyestuffs, chemicals and auxiliaries; Importance of keeping standards and factors responsible for deviation from standards.

Quality control in polymer processing: yarn manufacture. Control of counts, yarn strength and evenness.Statistical interpretation of data.Measurement and control of quality in winding, warping, sizing, drawing-in and weaving.Wash, stain and light fastness of finished goods.

 

PTE 318         Non-woven Technology                   2 Credits

Classifications, definitions and uses, economics of non-woven fabrics.Preparation of webs and sheets opening. Binding and mixing equipment. Formation of parallel-laid, cross-laid webs. Equipment, limitations speed, weight limits and web control. Specifications of typical machines and webs produced. Methods of producing continuous filament webs, spun-bonding. Methods of yarn-sheet preparation.Composite properties in relation to process variables.

 

PTE 401         Polymer Processing Engineering II        3 Credits

Introduction to mathematical modelling. Flow mechanisms in an extruder. Simplified analysis of flow in metering zone of an extruder –  melting efficiency, optimum helix angle, optimum design. Simplified melt flow in two-roll mill or calender – sheet thickness, pressure profile, roll separation force, power requirement and average temperature rise in the material. Simplified analysis of extrusion blow moulding and coating process.

Foam production.Methods of foaming and foam moulding processes. Polyurethane foams: rigid, semi-rigid and flexible polyurethane foams. Expanded polystyrene. PVC foams. Foamed rubber.Expanded rubber.Characterization of foams.

Finishing and joining techniques. Cutting, shaping and bonding of plastics, cementing, welding, heat sealing, machining, decorating and printing, painting, coating, colouring, texturing and design.

 

PTE 403           Plant Design and Layout                   2 Units

Fundamentals of material and energy balances: Defining the design problem, developing a problem statement, establishing criteria for success, choice of basis for calculations, choice of system boundary, stoichiometry, constraints on flows and compositions, tie components, conversion and yield, recycle process and purge.

General plant layout: for plastics and rubber, fibre and textile manufacture. Technical services for plant and sales; various allied industries – paint, plastic, resins, rubber, textile, foam, adhesives, paper.

Layout benefits and concepts: Workflow and facility layout, sequence of actions, factors to consider in layout and relocation, risk management, time standard.

Flow analysis techniques: Process design; Process chart, flow diagrams, operation chart; Step-by-step procedure for developing a flow diagram, process chart and operation chart, computer-aided flow diagram and analysis.

Ergonomics and workstation design: Principles of motion economy, hand motion, basic motion types, location of parts and tools, operator safety and health considerations, space determination.

Material Handling: Objectives, principles, cost justification; receiving and shipping, storing, fabrication, assembling, pack-out, warehousing; problem-solving procedure.

Facilities design-the layout: Plot plan, master plan, plant layout procedure, evaluation.

 

PTE 405       Properties of Bulk Polymers          3 Credits

Phase states and phase transitions –  first and second order transitions. Concept of Tg.Experimental determination and theoretical calculations of Tg. General features of amorphous polymers. Morphology of polymers.Mechanism and kinetics of polymer crystallisation.Thermodynamics of melting and crystallisation of polymers.Degree of crystallinity and methods of determination.Orientation and drawing. Structural determinants of mechanical properties, melting point, plasticization, reinforcements.

 

PTE 407           Polymer Composites and Blends      3 Units

Basic definitions and concepts of polymer composites, matrix and reinforcements/fillers, Polymer blends, Compatibility, Types of polymer composites and blends, mechanical polyblends, chemical polyblends and mechano-chemical polyblends, solution-cast polyblends, latex polyblends, Tg of polyblends.

Micro and nanocomposite Technology, Clays, Nanofillers and Nanofibres, Fibre Reinforced Composites (FRC’s), Comparative analysis of polymer composite properties, polymer – filler compatibility, impregnation, structure property relationship of micro and nanofillers, Manufacturing techniques for polymer composites, batch and continuous manufacturing techniques; hand lay – up, spraying, casting, extrusion, injection moulding, compression and thermoforming, tooling and mould making, measuring of filler particle size, measurement of filler properties, Interpenetrating Polymer Networks (IPN), Composites formulation, Mixture rule and directional properties, Design considerations, Mechanical properties of polymer composites, electrical and thermal properties, specific gravity determination, Techno commercial considerations for polymer composites and blends.

 

PTE 409         Knitting Technology                   3 Credits

Weft knitting:  Definition, characteristics of weft-knitted fabrics; machines used for knitting; straight-bar, flat- bar, v-bar, single cylinder, cylinder- and dial stitches e.g. plain jersey, rib purl interlock and their decorations.

Warp knitting: Definition and characteristics; two bar warp knit stitches e.g. tricot, locknit, satin etc. Notation of warp knit structures, warp knitting machines, tricot and raschel. Mechanisms and methods of achieving fabric specifications.Calculations on production efficiency, run-in measurements.

 

PTE 411       Engineering Law and Management       2 Credits

Management: Organisational structure and behaviour; managerial functions; principles and techniques of planning, forecasting, organizing techniques activities; project selection and management. Leadership, styles of leadership and management. Techniques in engineering management, motivation appraisal, participative and control technique, personnel management. Management Information System (MIS).

Law: Engineering professional; professional ethics and conduct. Definition and specifics; tenders, bonds, construction forms. Applications of business law to engineering: patents and inventions, trademarks, copyrights, contracts and contract documents; Engineering business types, the responsibilities; professional liability, negligence, arbitration, the engineer as an expert witness. Public work acts, and compensation act. Basic principles of Nigerian Law.Introduction of the law of contracts.The legal positions of companies, corporations, associations, partnerships and individuals.Introduction to bankruptcy, Trade Union laws in Nigeria, Labour Law, Workmen’s’ Compensation and Environmental Law.

 

PTE 413           Entrepreneurship in Polymer and Textile Engineering                                2 Units

Technology development and entrepreneurship: Evolution of industrial, domestic and commercial ventures and products; identification of society needs, market surveys, invention, innovation and diffusion, patents, trademarks and copyrights.

Hazards in polymer and textile industries: safety in plants; causes and prevention of accidents; HACCP techniques.

Maintenance culture: Concept of maintenance and repair of equipment and units; maintenance scheduling.

Practice: Innovative solutions to invention needs chosen by students (using case study of polymer and textile products); development of new products or processes; development of business plans and proposals.

 

PTE 501       Polymer and Fiber Science         3 Credits

Fine structure of cotton and rayon.Theories of fibre structure.Moisture sorption by films and fibres.Heat of sorption and melting.Mechanisms of setting of fibres.Diffusion of gases through films and relating of the diffusion coefficients with film structure.Diffusion of dyes into films, (WLF) equation.High tenacity of fibres – polyethylene fibres, polypropylene fibres, modacrylics, fluorine containing fibres, Nomex, Kelvar.

 

PTE 502      Polymer Processing Engineering III         2 Credits

Engineering design of plastics. Design practice and procedures. Design of moulds for compression moulding, injection moulding and thermoforming. Reactor designs.

Fibre reinforced plastics: Mechanical properties. Processing –  contact moulding processes (hand lay-up, vacuum bag, pressure bag and spray-up processes, centrifugal casting); continuous fibre techniques (filament winding and pultrusion). Sheet moulding compound (SMC) and dough moulding compound (DMC).Continuous lamination.

 

 

 

PTE 503       Polymer Chain Properties and Solution   2 Credits

Polymer chains – freely jointed, freely rotating, chains with restricted rotation.Conformation of dissolved polymer chains.Thermodynamics parameters for polymer solutions, Flory-Huggins and Flory-Krigbaum theories. Free volume concept. Thermodynamics of dissolution of flexible, rigid, glassy and crystalline polymers.Thermodynamics of swelling of cross-linked polymers.Thermodynamics quality of solvents.Entropy of mixing.Heat and free energy of mixing.Criteria of solubility.Solubility parameters. Phase separation. UCST and LCST.Polymer fractionation.Hydrodynamics of polymer solutions.Phenomenological theory viscosity.Sedimentation and diffusion.Excluded volume effects.

 

PTE 504         Modern Yarn Production      2 Credits

Detailed study of operation of cotton system machines for manufacture of blended yarns. Problems of blending. Blended yarn properties and fabric performance. Open-ended spinning, twistleness spinning, self-twist spinning and other latest techniques of yarn formation. Tow conversion processes. Principles of texturisation.Texturing methods and their applications.Process variables and their effects on properties of textured yarns.

 

PTE 505          Complex Textiles and Design               3 Credits

Preparation of dobby and coloured design.Construction of backed, double and treble cloth. Initiation to jacquard designs. Warp and weft pile fabrics including terrypile structure. Ganze and Lano fabrics.Construction of toilet and other quilting fabrics.Introduction to carpet weaving and fabrics for industrial purposes.

 

PTE 506          Polymer Reactions and Degradation     2 Credits

Survey of polymer reactions: radical and cationic chain transfer reactions: radical anionic and step-growth block copolymer formation; polyester and polysulphide inter change reaction; cross-linking of polymers; the ring-closure reaction, pendant functional groups in head-to-tail versus head–to-head orientation. Agencies of degradation –  energetic (thermal, mechanical, UV, and high energy); and chemical (hydrolytic, oxidative). Ceiling temperatures.Thermal degradation of polymers. Photolysis, radiolysis of polyethylene, polystyrene and poly(methyl methacrylate). Oxidative degradation.Auto-oxidation.Oxidation of natural rubber and saturated polymers.Hydrolysis of cellulose, and cellulose derivatives and polyamides; alcoholysis of polyesters.Inhibition of auto-oxidation.Thermal resistance.Degradation of paint films; kinetics and mechanisms.Effects of solid structure.Crosslinking and weathering.

 

PTE 507         Technology of Elastomers      2 Credits

Molecular requirements of elastomers.Survey of world production and consumption of elastomers.Additives for elastomers.Compounding and formulation.Latex processing.Dry rubber processing. Primary processing –  two-roll mill, internal mixers. Secondary processing –  calendering, extrusion, spreading, moulding compression, transfer, injection). Heat transfer and vulcanisation methods.Testing of elastomers.Safety in the rubber industry.Plant layout and operations method.

 

PTE 508          Theory of Textile Structures         2 Credits

Simple geometry of single and ply yarns. Yarn diameter and density. Theoretical treatment of yarn strength and irregularity.Elements of fabric geometry. Clothe setting theories. Pierces equations and later modifications.Relation of fabrics properties to simple geometry.Grimp interchange in woven fabric, cover factor. Tensile modulus of plain fabric stiffness, barding rigidity.

 

PTE 509 Polymers in Medicine and Specialty Uses2 Units

Engineering and specialty polymers: properties and applications. Characteristics of polymers in medical and biomedical applications. Medical and biomedical areas of applications e.g. artificial organs, control drug delivery, disposables, etc.

Dental materials: The use and application of polymeric materials as sealants and restorative materials in dentistry. Ophthalmic application of polymers. The application and properties of polymeric materials used in both hard and soft contact lenses. Other ophthalmic applications of polymers.Properties and characterisation of bioplastics for orthopaedic applications. Fibre reinforced and acrylic bone cements. Use and applications of polymers as prosthetic devices.

Inorganic polymeric materials: Physical and chemical properties. The effects of atomic and molecular structure of inorganic polymeric materials on their properties and application.Network structures.Inorganic polymer technology.Advances in inorganic polymer science.Ionic polymers.

 

PTE 510           Colouration and Finishing of Textiles3 Units

Introduction to the theory of dyeing: Classification of dyes and intermediates: Colour and chemical constitution; Thermodynamics, kinetics and dye polymer interactions; Role of fibre structure in dyeing; Dyeing of man-made fibres, blends. Recent advances in the technology of dyeing.

Methods of dyeing and printing: Loose, package, winch, jig and padding dyeing; Printing types and styles; Machines used for printing, dyeing, ageing, steaming; Faults in printing; Transfer printing; Sauforization; Effluent treatment in textile industries.

Principles and practice of finishing: Classification of various finishes e.g. mechanical, thermal and chemical. Finishing machineries and their functions- mangles; stentering, damping and calendaring; Easy care finishes, wash-wear/durable press cellulosics; Rot and mildew proofing; Water repellent finishes; Flame proofing; Setting of synthetic fibres; Antistatic and soil release finishes. Use of polymeric systems for fabric coating and lamination.

 

PTE 511         Seminar                                     1 Credits

All students will be required to participate in weekly seminars to be given in turns by members of the class. Selected advance topics on one area of polymer and fibre science and technology will be assigned to each student who has to prepare a review paper followed by oral presentation and discussion.

 

PTE 512           Adhesive Technology            2 Units

Theories of adhesion: mechanical adsorption, diffusion and electrostatic; wetting of surface, contact angle, critical surface tension, basic thermodynamic considerations antiphobic systems; classification of adhesives, mode of application, origin, cost suitability and end-products; characteristics of adhesives: storage life, viscosity, rate of spread, solid content, PH, flash point, rate of strength development, degree of tackness blocking, factors affecting permanence, strength of adhesives; ASTM test on storage life, working life, coverage, blocking lack curing rate; selected adhesive material: formaldehyde based resins, animal and vegetable polymers, hot melts, rubbers, vinyl polymers, polyamides and polyesters.

Designs of adhesive bonds for rigid and flexible materials; roll application of adhesives – rheological factors, filamentation, cavitation, roll nip, cavitation and filamentation dynamics.

 

PTE 599           Research Project       3 Credits

Each student will be assigned a research supervisor who will be responsible for the overall supervision of the project. Student will work independently in one area of polymer and fibre science and engineering. The results of the project will be written up in the form of a dissertation.

 

  1. DEPARTMENTAL ELECTIVE COURSES

 

PTE 513           Optimizations in Polymer Processes 2 Units

Introduction to industrial experimentations: Introduction, basic principles of design of experiments, design of freedom, design resolution, etc.

Maxima functions through the use of calculus: single and multivariable search techniques, constrained optimization techniques, numerical optimization techniques, full factorial designs, discrete events.

 

PTE 515     Environmental Pollution Control          2 Credits

Pollution and the environment.Definitions and inter-relationships.Natural and man-made pollution.The economics of pollution.Air pollution –   gaseous and particulates and their sources.Effect on water, vegetation materials and human health.Legislation relating to air pollution.Methods of control of gaseous elusion and destruction, cyclones, separators. Electrostatic precipitators, bag fillers, wet washers, etc. dispersal from chimneys and method of calculating chimney heights. Flare stacks.

Water pollution –   river pollution by impurities effluents. Legislation and standards for effluent discharge impurities in natural water and their effects. Brief survey of river ecology and the effects of effluents on the ecosystem. Treatment processes including precipitation, flocculation, coagulation, sedimentation, clarification and colour removal.

Principles of biological treatment processes. Cost of treatment. Treatment for water

Land pollution –   disposal of solid wastes by incinerator and dumping. Possible future trends including conversion of solid wastes into useful material or energy.

Treatment of other types of pollution, noise, thermal and nuclear pollutions.

 

PTE 516           Petrochemical and Coal Technology2 Units

The oil industry and its relevance to the petrochemical industry. The non-fossil fuels and their relevance to the petrochemical industry. Petrochemical precursor.Socio-economic, socio-political and geographical implications of the petrochemical industry.Planning petrochemical industry for a developing country.

Formation of coal and petroleum from natural sources.Petroleum and coal as source of polymer and textile raw materials.Chemistry of coal and petroleum fractions.Extraction, and purification of polymer and textile raw materials from coal and petroleum.

 

PTE 518            PVC Technology                     2 Units

Historical account of PVC. Manufacture of vinyl chloride monomer through acetylene, ethylene and oxychlorination. Types of PVC: Suspension “S” grades, Emulsion (E or P) grades and bulk (or Mass) grades. Polymerisation techniques.

Properties and uses of PVC –  cable insulation, chemical plant, leather clothes, packaging, and toys. Co-polymers of PVC and their uses.Structure of PVC and particle size distribution.Stabilization and additives (blowing agents, substrates, fillers, plasticizers).Fikentshner K–values and uses.

Plastisoltechnology for leather cloth – calendering, mixing, coating(knife and reverse roll), curing, chemical embossing.

Processes:-

Blow moulding for making PVC bottles.Thermoforming to make thin wall containers e.g. cups; large scale mouldings e.g. boats, garage doors, domestic bath; skin and blister packaging of household goods e.g. nails, screws, disposable razors, slush, moulding for play balls, soft toys, dolls (head, bodies and limbs). Injection for shoe soles.

 

PTE 519           Pulp and Paper Technology              2 Units

Introduction to Wood-polymer principles; emphasis on chemical and physics –chemical properties of wood based on its polymeric chemical structure. Wood and pulping, Chemistry, processes involved in paper manufacture, finishing and adhesive systems widely used in wood products manufacturing. Analysis and testing.

 

PTE 520           Colour Technology                2 Units

Review of printing processes, chemistry and physics of thickness, binder, processes involved in solvent dyeing. Automatic control of dying machines and production sequence, illumination for colour matching, space dyeing computer techniques. Colour measurement: principles, nature of the spectrum, theories of colour vision, and laws of subtractive colour mixing; symbols and nomenclatures used in colour. C.I.E. specification and chromaticity diagrams.Computation of C.I.E values; additives mixtures Rubelka-Munk analysis of coloured materials.

 

PTE 523           Conducting Polymers             2 Units

Historical development, conducting polymers in microelectronics, conducting polymers in the area of lithography, use for metallization, corrosion protection, electrostatic discharge  (ESD) protective coatings for packages and housing of electronic components. Synthetic of conductive polymers, polyacetylene synthesis, mechanisms of conduction, poly (P Phenylene), polyyrrole, anodic polymerization of pyrrole, doping with 12, Br2 and Fecl3 in metal salt solutions of Ag+, Cu2+, Polyaniline, reaction of aniline with ammonium persulphate in aqueous HCl. Poly(phenylenesulphide), poly (vinyl pyridine) sulphonated conducting polymers, properties of conducting polymers, molecular weights, electrical conductivities and carrier transport, Optical properties, conducting polymer solutions and composites, conductivity measurement and characterization, spectrometric titrations, UV visible spectrophotomer, FT IR, cyclic voltametry (i.e. electrochemical study of the electrode current as a functions of potential, potentiometric methods, NMR spectroscopy  simplified conductivity meter, two point probe meter, applications of conducting polymers, polymeric solid batteries, polymer modified electrode, polymeric electrolytes, photonic applications of conducting polymers, summary of groups of applications electrostatic materials, conducting adhesives, electromagnetic shielding, printed circuit boards, artificial nerves, antistatic clothing, piezo- ceramics, active electronics (i.e. diodes, transistors) and aircraft structures, EMI shields. Molecular electronics, electrical displays, chemical, electrical and thermal sensors, drug release systems, rechargeable batteries, optical computers, ion exchange membrane, electrochemical actuators, smart structures, switches and solar cells.

 

  1. f) SAMPLE DEGREE PROJECTS

Sample students projects carried out in the last three years are listed below.

 

S/NStudents NameRegistration NumberProject Topic
PROJECT WORKS FOR 2014/2015 SESSION
1.Abanafor, Izuchukwu C.2010384069Design & Fabrication of an Annular Die for a Plastic Recycling Extrusion Machine
2.Ugwu, Shadrach C.2010384064Design & Fabrication of Extrudate Cooling System (Water Bath)
3.Tagbo, Chukwugozie F.2010384080Design and Fabrication of a Plastic Pelletizing Machine for Recycling Plant
4.Anene, Onyedika B.2010384063Design and Fabrication of an Extruder Screw and Barrel for a Multi-Purpose Plastic Recycling Plant
5.
PROJECT WORKS FOR 2015/2016 SESSION
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PROJECT WORKS FOR 2016/2017 SESSION
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